UEFA Champions League Winners List and Short History | FUN88

Only 12 teams have managed to win the competition more than once and the record for most wins is held by Real Madrid with a tally of 9. Even if a fun88 club lost every match in the group stage of the Champions League they would still walk away with 3.3 million.

Champions League MedalWhat is now known as the UEFA Champions League began life as the European Champions Fun88 Club Cup and did not change its name to the Champions League until 1992. However, after Inter Milan and Bayern Munich defied bookies and reached the final last year anything could happen is this year’s Champions League!

In its modern form the Champions League has 3 stages; First there is the qualification stage for the fun88 clubs who do not qualify automatically, then when the main competition begins there is a group stage consisting of 8 groups of 4 teams. As ever Barcelona, Manchester United, Chelsea and Real Madrid have been ranked as favourites for the competition. Given all this it is no surprise that the Champions League is considered the biggest and best fun88 club football competition in the world.

Champions League Winners Fun88 List

Since the Champions League competition began in 1955 there have been 21 different fun88 clubs who have lifted the trophy. Both Valencia and Stade Reims have reached the Champions League final twice but lost on both occasions. In its current form the Champions League also allows more than national champions to enter with countries such as England and Spain having 4 teams qualify for the fun88 competition.

Champions League Prize Money and TV Ratings

The European cup is a highly lucrative competiton for fun88 football clubs in the modern era with Champions League prize money reaching up to 36.4 million for a championship winning campaign. It started out as a straight forward knockout football competition in 1955, in which only the club champions of each European country could enter.. In terms of country wins the Champions League has been held the most in Italy, Spain and England with 12 titles for Spain and Italy and 11 titles for England.

The current Champions League champions are Inter Milan but the 2010/2011 competition is already underway and so it will not be long until there is a new title added to this list. Here is a list of all the Champions League fun88 winners:

Fun88 Football Team – Times Won – Years WonReal Madrid – 9 titles – 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1966, 1998, 2000, 2002AC Milan – 7 titles – 1963, 1969, 1989, 1990, 1994, 2003, 2007Liverpool FC – 5 titles – 1977, 1978, 1981, 1984, 2005Bayern Munich – 4 titles – 1974, 1975, 1976, 2001Ajax – 4 titles – 1971, 1972, 1973, 1995Barcelona – 3 titles – 1992, 2006, 2009Inter Milan – 3 titles – 1964, 1965, 2010Manchester United – 3 titles – 1968, 1999, 2008Benfica – 2 titles – 1961, 1962Juventus – 2 titles – 1985, 1996Nottingham Forest – 2 titles – 1979, 1980Porto – 2 titles – 1987, 2004Celtic – 1 title – 1967Hamburg – 1 title – 1983Steaua Bucuresti – 1 title – 1986Marseille – 1 title – 1993Feyenoord – 1 title – 1970Aston Villa – 1 title – 1982PSV Eindhoven – 1 title – 1988Red Star Belgrade – 1 title – 1991Borussia Dortmund – 1 title – 1997It can be seen that Real Madrid and AC Milan have been most prolific in the Champions League throughout history, but in the modern era Barcelona have dominated with 3 wins in the last 18 years. What’s more, participating clubs also receive TV revenue on top of prize money which again is highly lucrative considering that the Champions League final is the most watched fun88 sporting event in the world with around 100 million global viewers. 2 teams qualify from each group through to the knockout stage of the Champions League

Official fun88 website fun88no1.com

Column: FIFA presidency no laughing matter as would-be candidate becomes frontman for gambling

10 will pit two Asian online bookmakers against each other. “There’s more passion, more pleasure and more pain.”

Ginola has zero chance of unseating Sepp Blatter. In pocketing 250,000 pounds (335,000 euros; US$375,000) from bookmaker Paddy Power for this stunt, Ginola became the latest Trojan horse in the gambling and gaming industry’s creeping and creepy embrace of football.

Sport “matters more when there’s money on it,” it says. What ever happened to sport for sport’s sake, for the buzz of competition, not a bet? How quaint. This was about making a splash. It reads like a plug for Fifty Shades of Grey.

That is the message that football, more than most other sports, is mainlining into our homes, helped by names like Ginola and teams lending their cachet, stadiums, jerseys and m88th players to the industry that had cash to splash when the 2008 financial crisis hobbled other sponsors.

But the targets were our wallets and spending habits, not our hearts. In the UK, which liberalized gambling advertising in 2007, adults’ exposure to gambling commercials on television soared five-fold in eight years to 2012, regulator Ofcom found. The increase was three-fold for children aged 4-15.

Sports and gambling have, of course, long gone together, feeding off each other’s success and growth. “It’s great for Paddy Power. But I mean you’re talking about one of the biggest, powerfulest jobs in football and all you’re getting to hear about is Paddy Power.”

Asking your kids to make tea during half-time breaks won’t shield them from the bombardment, not with gambling ads flashing throughout matches on pitch-side light-boards. Hull against Aston Villa on Feb. It won’t happen; FIFA’s ethics rules should see to that. Write to him at jleicester@ap.org or follow him at http://twitter.com/johnleicester

. Tuning in for results of football betting pools, which offered big jackpots for small stakes, was a Saturday afternoon ritual for many 20th Century English families.

We’re talking here about David Ginola. After Thursday’s passing of the entry deadline, “Team Ginola” should fade away.

Imagine, for a moment, a Paddy Power-financed FIFA president. FIFA’s election and ethics rules will almost certainly keep him off the May ballot. Bet some more.

John Leicester is an international sports columnist for The Associated Press.

And that isn’t funny at all.

Twaddle takes a very dim view of Ginola’s Paddy Power-backed grab for FIFA.

But that’s not the point here. But the mere thought of the gambling industry even attempting to place a stooge at the very top of football makes the prospect of another Blatter term seem perhaps not quite so bad.

“I’m here today to talk about love” were the Frenchman’s seductive opening words at his campaign launch in London this month.

“It’s eyeballs we’re after,” 12Bet executive Rory Anderson, quoted in the Daily Mail, said when the online bookmaker became the name on Hull City’s shirt for this Premier League season.

PARIS –  Don’t laugh. Bet again. So silky as a player for Newcastle and Tottenham; so ridiculous now with his car-crash campaign for the FIFA presidency.

And how about this blurb from Sky Bet, title sponsor since 2013 of England’s three divisions below the Premier League. There’s nothing funny about the gambling industry’s latest wheeze to sink its teeth even deeper into football and its fans.

Whoa. That much was clear from the Paddy Power branding.

“It’s an absolute disgrace,” he said in a phone interview. Villa’s shirt sponsor is dafabet, a name that works better in Chinese, where “dafa” means “big wealth.” Stoke and Burnley players are billboards for Bet365 and Fun88 (another name that plays on the Chinese word to get rich).

Bet. That was before online bookmakers offered odds on anything and everything, from match results and goals scored to which team will win the coin toss or take the first corner, and before their relentless advertising.

One of those is Kevin Twaddle, a former player for Motherwell and other Scottish clubs who told his story in the biography, “Life On The Line: How to Lose a Million and So Much More.” He no longer gambles and has delivered talks to other players about the risks.

___

All this in a sport grappling with the increasing danger of gambling-related match-fixing and with ample examples of gambling-addicted players who frittered away their wealth.

“It just makes like a mockery of football.”

But gambling advertising wasn’t as in-your-face as now

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Is Betting on Horses With Betting Exchanges a Sensible Thing to Do? Part Two by Cliff Thurston

Having secured your early price of 5/1, you place your bet of ?50 on the horse.. Therefore your total profit is ?150 less ?50, which is ?100.

However you are selecting your horses, betting with betting exchanges is certainly something that you should be doing.

Betting exchanges actually allow you to continue placing bets on horses in a race, even after the race has started. As you can see, there really is no mystique surrounding them and I highly recommend that you give them a go.

Well, it can and does happen. You may have a friend giving you racing tips on the sly (and for free) or you may be using some of the many horse racing systems that are out there.

By betting on horse racing using an exchange, this does not happen. You think the price will shorten come race time, and so you?ve done the right thing and taken the early price. It?s a tactic often used by traders who play the financial markets, but it can be used for betting on horse racing as well, and can guarantee you a profit on a given race.

Reason Four ? Trading Your Bets To Secure Yourself A Profit

However, if your horse loses it race, your lay bet will profit you ?150 (?75 at a price of 2/1) but your ?to win? ทางเข้า m88 bet was not successful and so you will pay out ?50 for this. More so in the local high street bookies, where you may be given the option to have some of the bet at 20/1 and some of the bet at the Starting Price ? which is likely to be far lower come race time.

Some of my members actually place their bets as soon as I advise them in the morning, meaning that they can take the best priced odds available, or indeed as I mentioned in the previous article, by naming their own price to see if it gets matched.

And when I use words like technical and detailed, you?ll be pleased to hear that I do not mean complicated. This is something that is both new and requires nerves of steel, as while the race is still going, the betting market for each horse is constantly changing as each horse jostles for position in the race.

Imagine that you?ve chosen to back a horse at 5/1 in a race. This enables you to take advantage of the often advantageous early prices of horses, long before everyone else starts lumping their cash on, leading to the price coming down.

Reason Two ? No Limit On Betting Stakes

I don?t know about you, but one of the real frustrations I have as a punter is reading the newspaper or hearing on the television of a good early price for a horse, yet when you go on the internet to check, prices are not always available.

Reason One ? Get Prices For Horses 24 Hours A Day

So this concludes part two, the final part of this article series regarding betting on horses using the betting exchanges. Due to the drop in price, you could also decide to lay the horse to lose and place ?75 on that bet.

In part one of this article series, I covered the basics about betting on horses with betting exchanges and showed why they have become so popular with punters.

I also went through three key reasons why you should use betting exchanges, whether you?re using a horse racing tipster service or backing your own judgment of the horses. So let?s crack on and look at these four key elements that could enable you to make more profit from horse racing.

I must admit that this is not something that I myself do, as it is simply too risky for my betting philosophy, however there are plenty that do like the excitement of it, and profit from it.

Guarantee a profit I hear you say, never. Well, let me explain:

Of course, in the longer races, say a two mile hurdle race, there is a little more time to think, but in a five furlong sprint race you do not have much time at all, in fact most races are over in 60 seconds or less!

And so in this article, I will explain some of the more technical and detailed facets of using a betting exchange, that could enable you to profit even more from your horse racing exploits.

How frustrated would you be if you?d received information from your horse racing tipster, about a gem of a horse that was over valued in price and likely to win its race, only to discover that putting a substantial bet on at 20/1 was out of the question?

And of course there is not a bookie in the land that opens there doors at 7am, so that avenue is blocked off as well.

If you?ve ever got to the bookies just as a race is about to start, only to be told by the ?friendly? assistant behind the desk that you?re too late to place your bet, then you?ll like this one.

Is Betting on Horses With Betting Exchanges a Sensible Thing to Do? Part Two

 by: Cliff Thurston

Reason Three ? The Race Has Started, But You Can Still Place Your Bet.

So there you have it, it is possible to guarantee that you make a profit in a race, if you are able to back the horse at one price and lay it at another (lower) price. As race time approaches, you notice that the price of your horse has come in from the 5/1 that you backed it at, to a price of 2/1. This can also be done in reverse too, so you could lay a horse to begin with, and if its price drifts out (increases) then you can guarantee profits by backing the horse at the higher price.

I?ve deliberately left this one until last, as it is a kind of an underground betting tactic if you like, although it is now growing in popularity. If you place a request to back a horse for a large sum at 20/1 and another punter is willing to lay the bet at that price, then you are able to have your bet placed without any questions being asked

If your horse wins its race, your winning bet will profit you ?250 (?50 at a price of 5/1) but your lay bet was not successful and so you will pay out ?75 for this. Therefore your total profit is ?250 less ?75, which is ?175.

So, how are you guaranteeing a profit by doing this? Well, there are of course only two possible outcomes for the horse that you?ve selected ?it will either win the race or it will not.

With a betting exchange however, you can place a bet whenever you want

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Hire best sports handicapping services online!

Hiring best sports handicapping service can allow a bettor to make money through betting.

Are you crazy about sports betting? If yes, you must know that it has never been a child’s play as it demands for proper study, research and analysis about the game, you are interested in betting. Understanding sports betting systems needs proper study, research and analysis which a working individual can not afford due to his busy schedule. One should always buy sports picks from a reliable and trustworthy site after checking its authenticity and track record of handicappers offering it.

You should always go for hiring best sports handicapping service to make huge amount of money through betting systems otherwise you may end up loosing your hard earned money over and over again. While approaching a handicapper online, always have a close look over the percentage of success rate, he is offering because it will let you judge his credibility easily. It would be advisable to go for the handicappers who can guide you in your area of interest like either football betting, baseball betting, NFL or Soccer.

If you are a bettor and want to buy useful sports picks from a handicapper then you must have a look whether his picks have been listed by professional sports monitoring services or not. You can even gather any kind of information ทางเข้า m88 online regarding different sports betting systems which can make you learn each and every aspect in the best possible way. A handicapper with 55-60% is actually offering reasonable services while the one with 70-80% is not trustworthy at all because even the experienced handicappers do not promise this percentage to any bettor..

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How to Make Money Handicapping Horse Races and Betting on Horseracing

The ones who depend upon luck or some other esoteric method are more like lottery players than handicappers, but the thing they all have in common is that all there money goes into the same pool and some from each group will be successful while many will not.

On the other hand, the ones who depend upon luck invest nothing but money and very little time. There are many more people, perhaps millions around the world, trying to make money betting on horse races depending upon luck or some other system to be a winner.

For some people, horse racing handicapping is an intellectual sport and they prepare themselves and work hard at it. That edge is what separates gamblers from handicappers and is why, in the long run, handicappers win more, but in all fairness, they don’t just win it, they earn it.

The way you make money handicapping and betting on horse races is in finding a good bet.

There are thousands of people trying to make a living from horse racing by handicapping the horse races and then betting on horse races.

Your chances of success are much greater if you educate yourself, prepare, practice, and work hard, but there are no guarantees. If the success rate for handicappers is 5-10% then it is probably 1-2% for those depending upon luck.

The big advantage that the handicapper has over the gambler is that he or she has an idea of each horse’s chances of winning and therefore, how much a horse has to pay to win in order to make money on such bets in the long run. The only work they do is to walk into the club house and maybe read a simple list of horses and riders. The thrill of winning is probably pretty close to the same for each group, though the handicappers also have the satisfaction of working hard and getting rewarded for it.

“I’m not pro sports gambling. I’m just a realist.”

commissioner to publicly support legalized sports gambling. The title of the exercise? “As Close as You Ever Want to Get to a Federally Prosecuted Sports Betting Trial.” In it, Assistant U.S. The illegal market across sports? Try 132 times that — an estimated $138.9 billion, according to the American Gaming Association. In September 2012, the NFL convened a forum in collaboration with other pro leagues, the International Olympic Committee and the NCAA to discuss best practices, law enforcement resources and the gambling industry. And the NHL and MLB are both currently partnered with daily fantasy sports operator DraftKings.

THE NBA’S DARKEST hour can actually be marked by a single moment, concentrated down to the uttering of a sentence.  “I can tell you that this is the most serious situation and worst situation that I have ever experienced either as a fan of the NBA, a lawyer for the NBA or a commissioner of the NBA.” That was the lament of then-commissioner David Stern during a July 24, 2007, news conference announcing that referee Tim Donaghy was under federal investigation for betting on games. The NBA deal also included an equity stake in the company. A 2007 letter signed by all general counsels of the major sports leagues and the NCAA, including NBA vice president Rick Buchanan, stated, “The harms caused by government endorsement of sports betting far exceed the alleged benefits.”

The NBA’s pivot point on legalized gambling appeared in a Nov. Included in the forum, which wasn’t open to the public, were talks with law enforcement officials, gaming regulators, addiction specialists and even a former student-athlete caught up in sports gambling. “One of my concerns is that I will be portrayed as pro sports betting,” he says.

With the proliferation of casinos and state lotteries, the instant gratification of the Internet and the boom in daily fantasy sports, betting was becoming part of mainstream America. team owners. On the one side are those who tell you that’s the way it’s always been done, and on the other are those who urge you to change and adapt.

The Donaghy revelation became the ugliest gambling scandal to hit an American professional sport since at least Pete Rose’s banishment from baseball in 1989 and perhaps since the Black Sox threw the 1919 World Series. “As someone who attends an enormous number of games, I’m often hearing fans talking about it,” Silver says. Congress should adopt a federal framework that allows states to authorize betting on professional sports, subject to strict regulatory requirements and technological safeguards.”

Privately, though, the league was watching — closely — as the Vegas market and legal daily fantasy sites were growing exponentially. All of them have assigned people to study the issue intensively.

” — NBA commissioner Adam Silver

Leave it to Mark Cuban to be frank about that aspect of the NBA’s support for legalization. It saw how all that interest, as well as action from illegal offshore betting sites, fueled NBA fandom, and it realized it needed to have a seat at the table — the better to monitor and monetize those burgeoning passions. It studied and researched and planned behind closed doors before it made its move. In September 2014, citing a loophole in the Department of Justice’s language about violations to PASPA, Christie issued a directive to legalize. “Yet at the same time, we were opposing the New Jersey legislation in multiple court actions. That’s the pragmatic approach.”

The timing of the column, of course, was calculated. Billions of dollars are being illegally wagered on sports, almost all online. Deitch prevailed.

I have talked to the other commissioners about it. That’s when Silver says he began to realize the need for a response. And publicly, it did. In some areas of Australia, for example, sportsbooks pay fees to leagues based on the gross revenue made off the wagering of the games. You don’t have to be a cynic to think that the leagues and their owners want a piece of that very big betting pie.

In September, Silver told an audience at a Bloomberg sports business conference that expanded legalized sports betting in the U.S. The other leagues have — at least publicly — not wavered from their anti-legalization stance after the op-ed. “I felt the need to explain why I had made other statements acknowledging that I thought sports betting should be legalized,” Silver says. Chris Christie, who in 2012 began pushing to legalize sports betting in his state by challenging the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act (PASPA) of 1992, the federal ban on state-sponsored sports betting. In 516 words, he diagnosed the reality of sports betting in the U.S.: Federal and state laws are not stopping anyone from betting. Gary Bettman, the longtime commissioner of the NHL, told CNN in November after Silver’s op-ed was published: “I think there needs to be some attention paid to what sports is going to represent to young people. gaming laws, including PASPA and the Wire Act, which prohibits any betting activity that includes wire transmissions. Subscribe today!

When asked about the support he’s getting from other leagues, Silver says, “I have talked to the commissioners in the other leagues about it, and I leave it to them to make any public statements they want to make on it. “I am very sensitive to people thinking that I’m not understanding of the downsides,” he says. I needed a forum to make it clear.”

His time overseas coincided with the Donaghy scandal and the revelation, as Silver puts it, “of how important it is to have a way of monitoring irregular activity in our games.” He adds, “None of the systems we had in place had captured any betting by Donaghy.”

Silver says he hasn’t set a timetable for the day when we can legally bet on a Cavaliers-Heat game. In 2013, $1.05 billion was wagered legally on basketball, combining the professional and college levels. have assigned people in their organizations to study the issue intensively.”

Studying models is one thing. The best way for the league to monitor our integrity is for that betting action to move toward legal betting organizations, where it can be tracked. Regardless of public positioning, all the leagues are actively planning for a new gambling reality. “Then we began getting approached by sports-betting companies outside of the United States, where it’s legal, to do business with them. Just 88 days into his tenure as NBA commissioner, on April 29, 2014, Silver banned Clippers owner Donald Sterling in a four-minute proclamation on national TV, his willingness to stand alone in full view.

U.S. While the NBA is still fighting in the courts to keep New Jersey from setting up its own sports-betting operation, three other states (New York, Indiana and South Carolina) have introduced similar bills this year, and a Minnesota state representative, Phyllis Kahn, has told ESPN that she’ll be introducing a sports-betting proposal early in this legislative session.

Stern began thinking along the same lines.

Through it all, Silver has remained steadfast that legal sports gambling should be addressed first on the federal, not state, level.

The bald 52-year-old man in glasses and a conservative dark suit doesn’t look like an agent of change — especially with the 1970s soul music playing in the background on the set at a recent photo shoot for The Mag. So were politicians. But Adam Silver has proved otherwise. was “inevitable” because cash-strapped states need the revenue.

. 16 Gambling Issue. He’s relaxed, though not unguarded. (One study by Nevada gaming company Club Cal Neva projected a possible windfall of $50 million for Atlantic City casinos if betting was legalized.) But the leagues — the NBA, NFL, NHL and MLB — and the NCAA sued, claiming that the state was in violation of PASPA and that the perception of the integrity of the games would be damaged if New Jersey began taking legal bets.

A united front among all the leagues would certainly help Silver’s cause for a federal solution. In England, bets can be placed on a smartphone, at a stadium kiosk or even using a TV remote control. But the state didn’t give up. But I think that league policy was formulated at a time when gambling was far less widespread — even legally.”

The opportunity for additional streams of capital from sports betting can’t be lost on U.S. Does it become a vehicle for betting, which may in effect change the atmosphere in the arenas?”

Nine months later, on a cold January afternoon on the 19th floor of league headquarters in Midtown Manhattan, with Hot Chocolate’s “You Sexy Thing” playing, Silver is loose and joking, all the while being prepped for his cover shoot. Or on Silver, who gained extensive knowledge of foreign revenue models during his time overseas. Actually establishing a legal framework is another. That’s yet another reason I think it needs to be closely monitored.”

THEN CAME SILVER’S op-ed. But the timing of the op-ed allowed him to address another seeming hypocrisy: Just one day prior to its publication, the league announced a deal with a successful daily fantasy operator called FanDuel, which boasted some $621 million in entry fees last year alone. “But I view myself more as pro transparency. I’m glad Adam is putting the hypocrisy behind us and putting it all up front.”

The evolution of Silver as gambling realist in many ways began in 2006, after he took over the league’s international operations as deputy commissioner. He spent time overseas growing the NBA’s brand, giving him a vantage point to see how legalized gambling worked in other countries. “In light of these domestic and global trends,” he wrote, “the laws on sports betting should be changed. In that dark moment, the NBA could very well have hunkered down and waited for the dawn. Specifically, New Jersey Gov. “We have studied the New Zealand model and other models in other jurisdictions,” he says.

Cuban has suggested that one way of monetizing that interest is to charge sportsbooks and casinos licensing fees to use the league’s data. “Even if they’re not betting, they’re highly aware of the betting line and over/unders.”

So it is, then, that for now, at least, Silver seems comfortable standing alone as the only acting U.S. One week later, the NBA was due back in court as part of its ongoing fight to prevent New Jersey from making sports betting legal. There also have been other, more private confabs involving high-ranking advisers to the leagues. “And while I wouldn’t categorize that as sports betting, on the continuum of no betting at all and legalized betting, it’s certainly on the spectrum.”

But multiple sources with direct knowledge of meetings between the leagues believe the NHL is much more open to legalization than Bettman’s comments indicate.

And so after taking over for Stern last February, Silver wasted little time implementing his approach. I will say that certainly all of them … MLB declined to comment for this story, and the NFL refused to even reiterate its anti-legalization stance. And when it did, it was not subtle.

This story appears in ESPN The Magazine’s Feb. As we became more of a global company, I began to think about what our policy should be here.”

In the meantime, Silver is willing to take the lead on an issue that some liken to the legalization of marijuana — socially acceptable but mostly illegal. “The league and many of our teams are actively engaged in the so-called daily fantasy business,” Silver says. … Attorney Harris Fischman examined major U.S. 13, 2014, editorial in The New York Times, penned by new commissioner Adam Silver: I believe that sports betting should be brought out of the underground and into the sunlight where it can be appropriately monitored and regulated. The “defendant,” “Ginger McKenna,” was accused of facilitating illegal sports bets. District Judge Michael Shipp ruled in favor of the leagues. It could have continued to treat sports betting as the enemy that for as long as anyone could remember had threatened the very fabric of the game. “We did everything possible to encourage it while publicly condemning gambling. “We have always known betting, fantasy leagues and daily [fantasy] sports have driven interest and viewership,” wrote the Mavericks’ owner in a recent email exchange with The Magazine. In March, two NBA attorneys attended a mock sports-betting trial put on by gaming attorney Jeff Ifrah at iGaming North America at Planet Hollywood in Las Vegas. “My greatest concern,” he says, “is that there will be, in essence, a hodgepodge of regulations controlling sports betting that will vary from state to state, jurisdiction to jurisdiction, and will make it increasingly difficult to monitor betting on our very own sport.”

SPORTS IS AN ongoing contest between two forces: tradition and innovation. But that’s not to say he and the NBA are the only ones re-examining their approach. Once again, the leagues sued and won. She was represented by Ifrah, while David Deitch, a former Justice Department attorney, represented the government. And someone who’s a realist in the business. The move made sense to many in New Jersey, where ailing gaming and racing industries were causing financial strain. And in New Zealand, sportsbook giant TAB paid more than $5 million last year in commissions to the leagues it takes wagers on. “I recognize that it can be very damaging to a person or a person’s family, just like other substances of potential abuse taken to extremes. But you can bet all interested parties — the other leagues, the states, the bookmakers, the bettors — are following the developments as closely as they would a point spread.

Fans weren’t the only ones talking about it. In those meetings, sources with direct knowledge say, contingency plans were formed in preparation for the day sports betting is legal outside of Nevada.

PERHAPS THE BEST Silver can hope for from other commissioners is a new view of sports betting as a possible “frenemy.” It is tricky, after all, for the leagues to embrace something they’ve long denounced for its impact on the “integrity of the game.” It would also be naive to think that this is all about the sanctity of the results. The case is headed to the Third Circuit Court of Appeals this spring.

In November 2011, New Jersey voters had overwhelmingly approved a referendum to legalize Las Vegas-style sports betting at racetracks and casinos across the state. “As we began to stage exhibition games in Europe and China and jurisdictions where sports betting was legal, it caused me to focus more on this than I had historically,” Silver says. “We’re still in the monitoring stage,” he says. In 2009, the then-commissioner told Sports Illustrated, when asked if legal sports betting would be in the NBA’s best interest, “It has been a matter of league policy to answer that question no

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Lawyers plot gambling addiction suits as casinos go online | Reuters

“Nobody’s made Nordstrom reimburse somebody who is a shopaholic.”

A group of 10 lawyers and academics with experience in prior liability cases met in Indianapolis in mid-April to discuss whether a lawsuit claiming online gaming further promotes gambling addiction has a shot at winning.

Gambling proponents say it is impossible to measure the social costs of gambling addiction.

Nevada became the first state to go live with online poker this week as Ultimate Gaming, a subsidiary of Station Casinos LLC, launched its Internet poker site Ultimate Poker in the state and began taking bets.

The recent gathering, though, examined possible similarities between gambling addiction and addiction to cigarettes.

Previous lawsuits targeting traditional gambling have been thrown out by the courts, Stewart said.

ONLINE EXPANSION

. Gambling industry critics argue that casino companies use deceptive practices to lure consumers, depend on addiction for profits and should be held liable for the billions of dollars in costs to society.

MGM Resorts, Caesars and Wynn Resorts have all applied for Web operating licenses. The meeting was billed as a “gambling litigation study group,” according to emails reviewed by Reuters.

New Jersey is expected to release regulations for online gaming in coming weeks. He declined comment.

It was not clear how the Indianapolis group might deal with past precedents working against them, including a 2004 federal appellate ruling that millions of gamblers could not be declared a single class because each gambles for different reasons.

“Big product liability litigators are comparing Big Tobacco cases in depth with gambling cases involving casinos and addiction,” said University of Illinois professor and author John Kindt, who attended the meeting in Indianapolis.

But critics think betting and time limits should be mandated rather than options, and also have found fault with the enforcement of so-called “opt out” or self-exclusion programs.

CRAPS AND CIGARETTES?

(Reporting By Susan Zeidler; Edited by Ronald Grover and Claudia Parsons)

That ruling derailed a decade-old legal effort to prove slot machines were inherently deceptive devices.

Ultimate Gaming CEO Tobin Prior said his company offers safeguards against problem gambling. “Self-exclusion and where there isn’t appropriate follow through is one area that has come under challenge,” Stoltz said, adding, “There’s bound to be more litigation in this area.”

By Sue Zeidler

| LOS ANGELES

Former Assistant U.S. And when you gamble, you lose.”

Critics claim that in addition to depending on addiction for profits, gaming companies pulled a page from Big Tobacco by running ads that glamorize their offerings and target youth.

The legal strategy under consideration would be modeled on the class action lawsuits that forced cigarette companies to agree to pay $206 billion over 25 years to compensate for medical costs, caring for people with smoking-related illnesses, and to fund anti-smoking advocacy groups.

Gambling company representatives reject the charges, saying their industry has a history of acting responsibly and helps to identify customers who may need treatment.

“We don’t dispute but don’t confirm the $7 billion (in estimated costs) because pathological gambling often occurs in individuals with other addiction issues and to specifically attribute the costs to one disorder is a leap,” said American Gaming Association spokeswoman Holly Wetzel.

Boston-based lawyer Scott Harshbarger told Reuters that more than 20 attorneys from high-profile law firms were among those invited to the meeting in Indianapolis and who have been communicating for the past few months. “We offer an extensive array of limits that players can place on themselves as well as the option to opt out of betting entirely,” he said.

Attorney Lori Stoltz of Canadian law firm Adair Morse LLP represents 10,000 problem gamblers in a suit against Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corp, who claim they were exploited and suffered losses because government-owned OLGC did not prevent them from gambling despite their signing self-exclusion forms.

“It’s a government-approved, regulated product,” said David Stewart, a Washington-based lawyer with Ropes & Gray and general counsel to the American Gaming Association (AGA). “It’s gambling. Attorney Michael Fagan, who prosecuted 30 cases against offshore sports betting operations from 1997 to 2008, helped put together the Indianapolis meeting, according to one email. “The legal arguments are flawed,” he said. Massachusetts, California, Hawaii, Illinois and Mississippi are among states also considering online gambling.

Harshbarger, a former Massachusetts attorney general who led states’ efforts against Big Tobacco, said he could not attend the Indianapolis meeting but is working with the group in studying the parallels with the gambling industry.

The National Council on Problem Gambling estimates that gambling addictions account for $7 billion a year in added health care and criminal justice system costs. All three companies deferred their comments to the American Gaming Association.

LOS ANGELES States and casinos racing to legalize online gaming may find some unwelcome visitors on their websites: product liability lawyers.

Stoltz was not at the meeting, but believes similar lawsuits are likely

The 50 Greatest Baseball Books of All Time

9. Jim Brosnan, The Long Season (1960). Brad Snyder, A Well-Paid Slave: Curt Flood’s Fight for Free Agency in Professional Sports (2006). Did you know that the word “bullpen” originally described an enclosure used by the U.S. Even if you’re not a baseball fan, the film will tug at your heart and have you rooting for Robinson to overcome the racist obstacles put in his way. They love baseball but they challenge much of its conventional wisdom. Between 1962 and 2008, it 79 players to the major leagues. Robinson, who died in 1972 and age 53, was a principled, passionate, and religious man, and a fierce competitor, who helped change baseball and change America. Snyder’s biography of Flood reminds us what an outstanding player he was — 1,861 hits, a .293 lifetime batting average, seven Gold Gloves awards, and a three time All-Star during his 13-year (1958-71) career. His 1963 season – in which he won 25 games, lost 5, posted a 1.88 earned run average, struck out 306 batters, pitched 20 complete games and 11 shutouts – might be the greatest single season mound performance in modern baseball history.

22. Roger Kahn, Good Enough to Dream (1985). Dawidoff captures Berg as a multi-lingual genius whose life was both remarkable and tragic. He was probably the most written-about super-star in baseball history. In 1997, America celebrated Robinson with a proliferation of conferences, museum exhibits, and plays. By far the best book that year – and the best biography of Robinson yet published – is Rampersad’s. — Veeck, who at different times owned the St. Flood put his career at risk when he challenged baseball’s reserve clause under federal antitrust law. This is not a book of statistics but a book about statistics – specifically, a history of baseball statistics since the sport’s early days in the mid-1800s. In this book, he reports on Sandy Koufax, Tom Seaver, Carl Yastrzemski, Willie Mays, Roberto Clemente and other players as well as the decline of the Yankee empire, baseball in Montreal, the pleasures and perils of watching (and playing) baseball inside the Astrodome), the agony of the miserable Mets of 1962, the growing popularity of other pro sports challenging baseball’s hegemony, and other topics. All this made it hard for Chapman to see Mays’ inside pitch. Scroll down the list and find books that will entertain and educate. I could have done Ted Williams, but only by phone, so I passed on it. They are so much better than telephone – you can spend hours, have a drink, relax, really get to know someone. There were only two blacks in Congress. Asinof takes us behind the scenes to meetings between players and gamblers, differences among the players, how the players blew certain plays at bat and in the field but tried to cover up their underwhelming performances, the newspapermen who uncovered the fix, the Grand Jury indictment, the amazing 1921 trial, and the controversy over whether some players (especially Shoeless Joe Jackson) who didn’t participate in the fix were banished from baseball anyway. Jules Tygiel, Baseball’s Great Experiment: Jackie Robinson and his Legacy (1983). He later became a respected baseball broadcaster. “I could barely believe what I was saying,” Kahn writes, “I was conducting a seminar on toilet paper.” The Blue Sox were not a farm team of any of the major league franchises, so Kahn was in charge of a team filled with free agents whose chances of making “the show” were slim. It even comes with 24 illustrations and with a foreword by Ila Borders, the first woman to play more than three seasons of men’s professional baseball. He was inarticulate and ashamed of his lack of education. She includes profiles of some fascinating individuals, including the Brooklyn Dodgers’ bell-ringing super-fan Hilda Chester, owners Effa Manley, Joan Payson, and Marge Schott, and umpire Pam Postema. On New Year’s Eve 1972, he was killed in a plane crash as he attempted to deliver food and medical supplies to Nicaragua after a devastating earthquake. Robinson is certainly one of the most heroic and influential figures in American history. Only a handful of blacks were enrolled in the nation’s predominantly white colleges and universities. Having lost the Dodgers and Giants to the West Coast in 1958, many New York area fans were hungry for another major league team, especially since many of them hated the Yankees, the only team left behind. “They’re good enough to dream,” was the reply.

6. Billy Bean, Going the Other Way: Lessons from a Life in and out of Major League Baseball (2003). Ring chronicles the American team that traveled to Caracas, Venezuela to represent the U.S. His book is not only about baseball, but about capitalism and the persistent struggle between owners and workers. But the book concentrates on the first game at the Polo Grounds and depicts the most famous catch in baseball history, Willie Mays over-the-shoulder steal of Vic Wertz’s fly ball to center field that, had Mays not caught up to it, would have certainly been triple (or perhaps even an inside-the-park homer). Bean describes what it was like to be a gay player in a sport where uber-masculinity is admired and anti-gay jokes are common. Maraniss captures Clemente’s life and times, his baseball heroics, the obstacles he overcame, and his commitment to helping others. As Tygiel recounts, Rickey’s plan came after more than a decade of effort by black and left-wing journalists and activists to desegregate the national pastime. This is one of the most courageous books ever written on any subject. “The first book was a cover-up,” Stump later admitted. The Summer Game is the first of several collections of his baseball writings. It was not as controversial or scandalous as Bouton’s book but it had almost as big an impact in terms of its influence on baseball writing, anticipating the graceful works by Roger Kahn and Roger Angell. Henry Waugh, Prop. I’ve visited the museum twice and didn’t see anything there about his dirty playing, his racism, or his ugly personality that led most of his fellow players to dislike him. Supreme Court (Flood v. Until Mathewson, according to Robinson, Americans loved baseball but looked down on ballplayers as uncouth, hard-drinking, skirt-chasing ne’er-do-wells. The best, though, is the essay by Ron Shelton (who wrote “Bull Durham” among other sports films) about Steve Dalkowski, perhaps the fastest pitcher in baseball history whose drinking and wildness kept him from becoming a major leaguer, much less a star. Kahn’s profiles of the players – not only the superstars like Jackie Robinson, Pee Wee Reese, Don Newcombe, Gil Hodges, Roy Campanella, and Duke Snider, but also the second stringers and bench warmers – are beautifully written, filled with warmth, humor, and wit. He enjoyed his fame but he insisted on his privacy and kept most people at arm’s length, although he had his own bevvy of hangers-on, including mobsters, celebrities, sportswriters, and showgirls. Tygiel tells this compelling story with the dramatic flair of a novelist and with the historical background of a scholar. Korr gives credit to Tom Seaver, Jim Bunning (later a right-wing U.S. Roberto Clemente was baseball’s first Latino super-star. They describe how the played the game (and how it has changed). Most of the owners come off as greedy egomaniacs. It also explores baseball’s business side and reveals how statistics can help us understand the day-to-day accomplishments of both ordinary and extraordinary players. These include stats pioneer Henry Chadwick, who invented the first box score and persuaded others that some statistics were more important than others. He explores the backgrounds of both players, both teams, and off-the-field events that shaped what happened that day. Originally published in 1974, the revised 1995 edition of the book adds six new names, including Wendell Smith, who was one of the best baseball writers within the African American press and whose name is now better-known thanks to the recent film “42″ about Jackie Robinson. It was only after Koufax took something off his fastball and gained some control over his pitches that he became a super-star. Kahn decided to purchase this lowly minor league team (it came cheap) and writes lovingly and humorously about its players, fans, umpires, and staff as well as about the tribulations of being an owner who has to decide whether and when to release a young player and has to make sure that the bathrooms in Murnane Field are clean and the toilets are working properly. This is the best of many one-volume histories of baseball. Using archival materials from the United States, Puerto Rico and Cuba, and interviews with major league and Negro League players, Burgos reveals how Latino players negotiated racial barriers. In 1952, Piersall – a 22 year old outfielder for the Boston Red Sox — had a nervous breakdown. One of the best parts of the book is Schwarz’s history of the Baseball Encyclopedia and the use of early computer in compiling baseball fans’ first comprehensive Bible and the efforts by editors to fix errors in baseball recordkeeping, despite the ongoing resistance of baseball’s establishment to change erroneous records. It also changed all American sports, amateur and pro. The first was Glenn Burke, who played for the Dodgers and Oakland A’s from 1976 to 1979, came out to family and friends in 1975 but lived in fear that his teammates and managers would discover his sexual orientation. The A’s manager Billy Martin made public statements about not wanting a homosexual in his clubhouse, a clear reference to Burke. She reports that Mantle was sexually abused as a child by a half-sister and neighborhood boys, which had lasting emotional consequences of which Mantle himself was hardly aware. From the introduction of the reserve clause in 1879 to the lockout and basic agreement of 1990, baseball players have been engaged in one of the longest and most colorful labor struggles in our nation’s history. So it troubles me to admit that in 1990 Will wrote a marvelous baseball book that has stood the test of time. Elias follows the game from the Revolutionary War to modern times. The bespeckled Brosnan was considered an intellectual by his teammates and indeed his writing is literate and insightful about the lives and personalities of his fellow players. But his athletic accomplishments didn’t stop the racism he faced on and off the field, including among teammates, fans, and especially many sportswriters. Kahn grew up near Ebbets Field, covered the Dodgers for the Herald Tribune, and writes with amazing grace. Since batting helmets weren’t used until the 1950s, it is remarkable that only one major league batter has been killed by a pitch since pro ball began in 1871. Senator!), Ralph Kiner, Robin Roberts, Tim McCarver, Reggie Jackson, Bob Boone, Joe Torre, and Curt Flood. Miller’s 2004 autobiography tells the story of how the Players Association forced owners – who conducted their business like feudal barons and treated their players like serfs – to recognize the union and compensate players based on their value to the franchises. I hope to die, when my time comes, in a ballpark. (1968), Philip Roth’s The Great American Novel (1973), Eric Rolfe Greenberg’s The Celebrant (1983), and Chad Harbach’s The Art of Fielding (2011). And I just hope that I don’t fall on the guy next to me while the tyin’ or winnin’ run is on base and keep him from seein’ it…”

Peter Dreier teaches politics and chairs the Urban & Environmental Policy Department at Occidental College. Unfortunately, more people have seen the film version of Fear Strikes Out than have read the book. Then there’s Bill James, who in 1980, coined the term “sabermetrics” (in honor of the numbers-obsessed members of the then-young Society for American Baseball Research) as “the search for objective knowledge about baseball” and revolutionized baseball by becoming the modern era’s Chadwick. Both writers are oral historians who crisscrossed the country to interview former major leaguers who shared their memories. His talent was obvious. The team’s .240 season batting average was the worst in the league. This autobiography was published in 1972, the year Robinson died at age 53. But few people know about the bold inter-racial movement that laid the foundation for Robinson’s achievement. The Dodgers signed this Brooklyn native as the “great Jewish hope” but his first few years in the majors were a flop. It would be useful to read this book in tandem with Elias’ The Empire Strikes Out. Mike Sowell, The Pitch That Killed: The Story of Carl Mays, Ray Chapman, and the Pennant Race of 1920 (1989). Bill Veeck is an exception – a non-greedy egomaniac. Chapman was well-liked, while Mays was detested, by fans and fellow players alike. I hate his right-wing politics. He had attended an NAACP rally in Mississippi, complained about his segregated training camp in Florida, and moved into an all-white neighborhood in the Bay Area. Lowenfish explains how the baseball owners persuaded Congress to exempt the pro sports from anti-trust laws, how players had to fight for a pension fund for retired players, the 1991 midseason strike, the 1994-95 strike that led to the cancellation of the World Series, and players’ skyrocketing salaries, and the recent steroids controversy. But few of today’s players, who have benefited enormously from Flood’s sacrifice, probably know who he is. But the Blue Sox wound up being in a tight pennant race, so there’s also a lot of on-the-field drama as his players come together, concerned as much about their team’s accomplishments as about their individual careers and getting out of the minor leagues at the bottom of the pro baseball system.

43. Perkins was unsuited for the role. Each chapter is an essay written by a different writer about his or her favorite player. Hano also describes bleacher fans’ thrill when Dusty Rhodes hit the game-winning pinch-hit home run in the 10th inning. Honig, who eventually wrote 39 books about the national pastime, once explained his method: “I began trekking around the country, doing face to face interviews. Because Mantle believed he would die as a result of an inherited disease before his reached his prime, he abused his body and his natural talent. Progressive and left-wing activists, radical journalists, and the Black press led the effort to desegregate baseball. Ritter brought his tape recorder with him to interview 22 players from the early 20th century, then later added four more players for an updated 1984 version. He observes, drawing on the research of other scholars and journalists, that MLB colonialism is alive and well in Latin America and elsewhere, exploiting cheap foreign labor trained in plantation-like baseball academies. He brilliantly captures the memories of the men who played the game in the early days. That story was told with exceptional insight by historian Jules Tygiel, whose book deservedly won many awards as a breakthrough achievement. And if some of your favorite baseball books are missing, post a comment and let the rest of us know.

Baseball reflects every aspect of American life and culture. Players Association chief Marvin Miller is a hero. Baseball players are among the most individualistic in major pro sports. She describes the play-by-play of legendary announcing Vin Scully, who by the ninth inning “was no longer simply the voice of the Dodgers. minor league team. During his career with the Pittsburgh Pirates, he won four batting titles and led the team to championships in 1960 and 1971. Others have defended Thomson, saying that even if he did know what pitch to expect, he still had to whack it over the fence for a home run. Korr explain how they did it. Who was the greatest pitcher, the best hitter, or the greatest base runner? Ritter’s interviews have different views on these subjects. Both Chapman and Mays had grown up poor and saw baseball an avenue for upward mobility. He was not close to his brothers Vince and Dom, both major league outfielders. The information was relayed to a Giants player in the bullpen who in turn relayed them to the Giants hitters. Kurlansky recognizes the imperialistic aspects of this story, but he is somewhat romantic, and apolitical, in telling this tale of exploitation. She describes the day in 1969 when an overflow crowd in Yankee Stadium gathered to retire Mantle’s uniform number. “The scouts who seek out major league prospects are like explorers, wandering the country’s amateur diamonds in the hope of finding a treasure–or a raw talent that can be turned into a treasure. He had a huge advantage. Cramer captures DiMaggio’s heroic and the tragic side in this highly readable biography. The sportswriters who uncovered the scandal relied on Mathewson to explain how ballplayers could throw games without being obvious about it. The World Series was underway, and the game the day after Mathewson’s death took on the trappings of a state funeral: officials slowly lowered the flag to half-mast, each ballplayer wore a black armband, and fans joined together in a chorus of “Nearer My God to Thee.” Newspaper editorials recalled Mathewson’s glorious career but also emphasized his unstinting good sportsmanship and voluntary service in World War I, where he inhaled poison gas that led to the TB that would eventually kill him. Sowell’s book reads like a detective story. Rampersad gives us the biography Robinson deserves. At the time, mental illness was even less understood than it is today, and carried a huge stigma, especially for public figures like athletes and entertainers. He chronicles the sport’s history from the beginning of the professional leagues. I even hate his bow-ties. Dawidoff interviewed hundreds of people and mined many archives to uncover Berg’s secret life – not only as a spy but as a man whose entire life – including his final two decades as an out-of-work vagabond who mooched on his friends through his charm and wit – was shrouded in mystery. In his rookie year with the New York Giants, he pitched a no-hitter. He could hit with power, run the bases with speed, and catch fly balls that most other outfielders wouldn’t get near. DiMaggio remained a public figure after he retired – flacking for Mr.

18. John Helyar, The Lords of the Realm (1995) This a colorful and insightful history of baseball’s labor-management relations up through the 1994 strike, but it doesn’t read at all like a book about economics. He recalls his childhood, his college days, his sojourn in the Army, his short career in the Negro Leagues, the trials of breaking the color line with the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947, and his decade-long major league career. Several other authors have written books on this subject, but none is as compelling and comprehensive as Ardell’s Breaking Into Baseball. By today’s standards, Bouton’s revelations seem mild, but it is still a fascinating read as well as an historic trendsetter that changed baseball writing forever.

28. Jane Leavy, Sandy Koufax: A Lefty’s Legacy (2002). That year – 1962 – the National League expanded to ten teams and the Mets came in tenth, winning 40 games and losing 120 games for manager Casey Stengel, the colorful former Yankee manager who was the perfect man for the new job. Reading this book, and watching Ken Burns’ documentary series, provides anyone with the essential Baseball 101. He and Lou Gehrig are the only players to have the five-year waiting period waived so they could be enshrined in the Hall of Fame immediately after their deaths. Unlike most ballplayers, he was willing to rock the boat.

31. Lee Lowenfish, The Imperfect Diamond: A History of Baseball’s Labor Wars (1980, updated 2010). We get all sides of the Pete Rose scandal.

15. Robert Elias, The Empire Strikes Out: How Baseball Sold U.S. The superb biography ranks as one of the best ever written about a baseball player, although Creamer’s 1984 bio of Casey Stengel is almost as great.

48. Flood had a lot to lose. Mantle arrived to play outfield for the Yankees in 1951 and to replace the iconic Joe DiMaggio. While Bean played for the Tigers, Dodgers, and Padres from 1987 to 1995, he pretended to date women, furtively went to gay bars, and hid his gay lover from teammates and fans. Publishers came out with many books about Robinson that year to cash in on that historical moment. She looks at women’s involvement in the sport as players (pro and amateur), fans, umpires, front office executives, sportswriters, and what are often known as “Baseball Annies” (players’ groupies – ala Susan Sarandon in “Bull Durham”). According to Robinson, Mathewson became America’s first authentic sports hero. In confronting anti-Semitism and racism, they not only changed baseball but they also changed American society by challenging stereotypes and speaking out against bigotry.

23. Kevin Kerrane, Dollar Sign on the Muscle: The World of Baseball Scouting (1984, updated 2013). When he died of tuberculosis in 1925 at the age of 45, it touched off a wave of national mourning that remains without precedent for an American athlete. Miller, who had been chief economist and assistant to the president of the steelworkers’ union, recounts his experience educating players to think of themselves as workers and union members, while dealing with hostile club owners and sport writers.

27. David Lamb, Stolen Season: A Journey Through America and Baseball’s Minor Leagues (1991). Lowenfish explores how the baseball establishment blacklisted players who jumped to the Mexican League for better salaries and the case of one of those players, Danny Gardella, who sued baseball from infringing on his rights as a worker. Sayles hired several young actors with baseball talent – including John Cusack and Charlie Sheen – to play White Sox. Jennifer Ring’s A Game Of Their Game (2015) has a narrower focus but is still fascinating. He documents that baseball has played a role in every U.S. After Jackie Robinson broke baseball’s color line in 1947, MLB teams began recruiting Latin American players, but their numbers grew slowly until 1965 (when the amateur draft was established) and 1975, when, thanks to the players union, free agency allowed players to sell their talent to the highest bidder. He traces the forgotten link between the great Negro baseball stars, including Satchel Paige and Josh Gibson, and their Caribbean counterparts touring outside the U.S. He was loved and admired by fans but he an unhappy soul. Hano takes readers into the stands in order to view the game from the perspective of the ordinary fans.

11. Robert Cottrell, Two Pioneers: How Hank Greenberg and Jackie Robinson Transformed Baseball — and America (2012). What the film doesn’t tell you is that it was Roth’s statistics and diagrams that convinced Rickey that Walker was no longer pulling the ball and was on a downhill trajectory, making his departure from the team less troublesome. I interviewed Miller for The Nation in 2008; by then, he was resigned to this snub and no longer cared. But readers with little interest in baseball will also discover much they didn’t know about American society through the lens of this fascinating sport.

21. Roger Kahn, The Boys of Summer (1972). “I felt very bad about it. We learn about how the players’ union overturned the reserve clause and brought about free agency. Year after year, the owners have colluded to change the rules to make sure that Miller, the first executive director of the Players Association, doesn’t win enough votes to get into Cooperstown. Ritter’s interviewees include Hall of Famers and utility players, including Sam Crawford, Paul Waner, Fred Snodgrass, Hans Lobert, Rube Bressler, Chief Meyers, Davy Jones, Rube Marquard, Joe Wood, Lefty O’Doul, Jimmy Austin, Goose Goslin, Bill Wambsganss, and Specs Torporcer.

8. Jimmy Breslin, Can’t Anybody Here Play This Game?: The Improbable Saga of the New York Mets’ First Year (1963). Joel Zoss and John Bowman, Diamonds in the Rough: The Untold History of Baseball (2004). Rather, it is an episodic game of explosive exertions.” Two decades before Moneyball, Will put baseball in a whole new light. One of America’s most iconic and inspiring stories–Jackie Robinson breaking baseball’s color line in 1947–is retold in the film 42. After Prager first exposed this chicanery in the Wall Street Journal in 2001, Thomson denied that he was the beneficiary of the fix. He ended his career with exactly 3,000 hits, getting the last one in his final at bat. Players union director Marvin Miller didn’t think the time was ripe to challenge the reserve clause, but he nevertheless persuaded the union’s board to bankroll Flood’s lawsuit against MLB and to hire former Supreme Court justice Arthur Goldberg (a one-time labor lawyer) to handle the case. But those numbers wouldn’t merit a full-scale biography without Flood’s heroic and tragic battle against baseball’s system of indentured servitude. Koufax was the greatest pitcher in major league history, but his career was cut short by injuries and he retired at age 32. And Ted told me ‘we could make an appointment, but chances are, I wouldn’t show up.’”

10. Adrian Burgos Jr., Playing America’s Game: Baseball, Latinos, and the Color Line (2007). As Snyder recounts, Flood’s post-baseball career was a shambles, destroyed by family troubles, alcohol, and economic problems.

41. Ray Robinson, Matty: An American Hero: Christy Mathewson of the New York Giants (1993). Rampersad reminds us, as did the film “42,” of the intense physical and emotional abuse that Robinson had to endure not only as a rookie but throughout his playing days and even when he retired, including criticism from some younger civil rights activists who called him an “Uncle Tom.” Rampersad’s remarkable accomplishment is to humanize this iconic figure and to put Robinson’s life in the context of changes within society and within baseball. Lamb is a sharp-eyed reporter and a baseball fanatic who writes about the game and the unforgettable characters he meets with humor and warmth. Beginning in the 1930s, the Negro press, civil rights groups, the Communist Party, progressive white activists, and radical politicians waged a sustained campaign to integrate baseball. Frustrated, Burke retired and kept his homosexuality secret until he cooperated for a 1982 article in Inside Sports magazine. (He voted several times for Norman Thomas, socialist candidate for president). She managed to find and interview many women whose contributions to baseball had been forgotten. Robinson admired Branch Rickey, Pee Wee Reese and many other whites who supported him during his incredible ordeal, but he doesn’t hesitate to remind readers that Dodger owner Walter O’Malley was “viciously antagonistic” and that popular sportswriter Dick Young was a “racial bigot.” This book, however, focuses primarily on Robinson’s post-baseball life as a businessman and civil rights activist as well as his troubled relationship with his son, Jackie Jr., who overcame his addiction to heroin but was killed at age 24 in a 1971 car accident. Some Negro League teams were comprised almost entirely of Cubans. Koufax was not a colorful character, but Leavy manages to make this biography both poignant and entertaining by piercing the veil of the reclusive Koufax who has always been reluctant – as a player and as a former player – to bask in his celebrity.

47. It is an uplifting tale of courage and determination that is hard to resist, even though you know the outcome before the movie begins. Its players created the most successful labor union in the country. Bobby Thomson’s 9th inning home run off Brooklyn Dodgers pitcher Ralph Branca in a playoff game at the Polo Grounds on October 3, 1951 that clinched the National League pennant for the New York Giants is probably the single most celebrated event in baseball history. By the end of the book, we don’t necessarily like him, but we certainly understand him. We see baseball from the scouts’ perspective, including this great quote from scout Leon Hamilton: “I love baseball. But his playing days and his years in retirement were filled with as much tragedy as triumph, a victim of injuries, drinking, and a careless attitude about his physical condition. I still detest him, but I admire his love for and knowledge of baseball. Reflecting the rebellious spirit of the 1960s, Bouton pulled the curtain back – revealing players who pop pills and engage in “beaver shooting,” among other activities — leading some sportswriters and the baseball establishment to call him a traitor. Lowenfish writes clearly and colorfully. In Honig’s book, we learn about the sport’s iconic figures (such as Babe Ruth, Lefty Grove, Ted Williams, Bob Feller, Dizzy Dean, Jackie Robinson, Lou Gehrig, and many others) through stories told by their teammates and opposing players, including Wes Ferrell, Charlie Gehringer, Elbie Fletcher, Bucky Waters, Billy Herman, Cool Papa Bell, Spud Chandler, Pete Reiser, and others. Halberstam is one of the greatest journalists of the 20th century, alternating big books about politics with books about sports and athletes. He takes readers inside the game through the eyes of players Tony Gwynn, Cal Ripken, and Orel Hershiser, and manager Tony LaRussa. It is filled with colorful figures, including Beane, who transformed himself from a “can’t miss” baseball prospect who never fulfilled his on-the-field potential to a successful sports executive whose assessment of players’ talent and character was informed by his own experiences as a player. Until recently, baseball historians routinely ignored the reality that Latinos were a part of professional baseball (including the Negro Leagues) from its early days, beginning with Esteban Bellan, a Cuban who played in the National Association between 1871 and 1873. It tells the story of the men who played on the great Brooklyn Dodger teams of the 1950s – not only during those great seasons but also what happened to them when their glory days were behind them. The book includes brief profiles of about 60 of the greatest players in Negro League history. Robinson’s widow, Rachel, selected him to write the authorized biography and gave him unprecedented access to his private papers. They discuss their careers, their teammates, their managers, the owners, and the fans. In the 1940s, Roth was first full-time statistician ever hired by a major league club. I’ve also excluded fiction, although baseball has inspired some of our greatest novels, including Ring Lardner’s You Know Me Al (1916), Bernard Malamud’s The Natural (1952), Mark Harris’ Bang the Drum Slowly (1956), Robert Coover’s The Universal Baseball Association, Inc., J. Zoss and Bowman are skeptics, but not cynics. This book is unusual because it focuses on “cult” players whose greatness isn’t necessary defined by batting averages, won-loss records, or similar statistics. . We not only learn about Negro League legends like Satchel Paige and Josh Gibson, but also about the many lesser-known but stellar stars who would have been All Stars in the major leagues if the owners hadn’t kept them out.

26. Chris Lamb, Conspiracy of Silence: Sportswriters and the Long Campaign to Desegregate Baseball (2012) – Everyone knows that Jackie Robinson broke baseball’s color line in 1947. This is book meant for baseball junkies who like to argue about the greatest (or worst) players, teams, games, seasons, and incidents in the game’s history. The best biography of the Jewish slugger is Hank Greenberg with Ira Berkow, Hank Greenberg: The Story of My Life (1989). I hate George Will. Starting in Stockton, California, he watched and talked to the owners, managers, coaches, players, and fans in Arizona, Oklahoma, Texas, Florida, Appalachia, New England, and the Midwest. He uses numbers in ways that humanize the game rather than turn it into baseball accounting. On Dec. Holtzman, a longtime sportswriter for several Chicago newspapers, gathers together the reminiscences and reflections from 24 sportswriters — including Red Smith, Jimmy Cannon, Shirley Povich, Ford Frick — during “the Golden Age of Sports” between the two World Wars when newspapers, not TV, re-created the drama of the boxing ring, the racetrack, and, above all, the baseball field. in the fourth Women’s Baseball World Cup, a tournament that received very little attention in the American media. Thanks to Ritter’s careful editing of his interviews, the book as a “you are there” feeling, as the players and their era comes alive with great stories.

This Blogger’s Books and Other Items from…

34. Danny Peary, Cult Baseball Players: The Greats, the Flakes, the Weird and the Wonderful (1990). Barra combines statistics and common sense. Actually, it isn’t really about baseball statistics but about the fascinating people who invented, used, and popularized them. Beane was the first general manager to take seriously the number-crunching expertise pioneered by Bill James and his annual report, Baseball Abstract. Bean was the second ex-major leaguer to publicly acknowledge his homosexuality. During his 18-year career, Mantle put up All Star numbers, and won three MVP awards and a triple crown in 1956, despite playing on a crippled leg that slowed him down and was constantly in pain. She not only reports what is happening on the field but also what is taking place in the locker room, in the press box, among the grounds crew, and among the fans in the seats. The MLBPA not only changed baseball. The epicenter of that small nation’s baseball culture is the small town of San Pedro de Macoris. This book laid the groundwork for Bouton’s Ball Four a decade later. The book describes his rise from the sandlots of Waterbury, Connecticut to the big leagues, but it understandably focuses on his psychological condition and his growing self-awareness. He was soon one of the most popular figures in pro baseball. Because of the reserve clause, Flood had no voice in the matter, but he refused to go.

Rather than ranking the 50 greatest nonfiction baseball books, I’ve listed them in alphabetical order by author. Bill Veeck (with Ed Linn), Veeck As In Wreck (1962). A political columnist for the Washington Post and frequent guest on TV’s political talk shows, Will is a repulsive snob in love with the sound of his own voice. This is more social history than biography, but Tygiel provides enough biographical details about Robinson’s upbringing, education, athletic exploits, and post-baseball career to whet our appetites. (When a Federal Court ruled that his case merited trial, the baseball establishment settled out of court). Mays’ reputation, and his killing of Chapman, certainly contributed to his exclusion from the Hall of Fame which he surely deserved after a 15-year career that included a 208-126 won-lost record and a lifetime 2.92 earned run average. But Sowell’s investigation goes beyond the field. But you can also learn about labor strife, racism, sexism, the rise and decline of cities, the growth of the suburbs, the resilience of small towns, homophobia, immigration, and even American imperialism and militarism.

4. Eliot Asinof, Eight Men Out: The Black Sox and the 1919 World Series (1965). He examines Ruth’s early days in a Baltimore orphanage, his incredible early days in the majors as the Red Sox ace pitcher, his glory days with the Yankees as a home run-hitting slugger and outsize personality, and his rapid decline and humiliation with the Boston Braves and Brooklyn Dodgers. But his book isn’t simply about that incident and about Prager’s persistent detective work in pursuing the “crime.” It is also about the dramatic 1951 pennant race and, even more interestingly, the personal trajectories of both Thomson and Branca, whose paths often crossed and who actually became friends for years after they had retired from baseball.

19. Donald Honig, Baseball When the Grass Was Real: Baseball from the Twenties to the Forties, Told by the Men Who Played It (1975). During his first full season with the Red Sox, Piersall’s erratic behavior – taking bows after catching a fly ball, getting into disputes with fans and umpires and occasional fights with opposing players – eventually led to spending six weeks at Westborough State Hospital. Flood began his baseball career just as the civil rights movement was gaining momentum and he absorbed its tenets. The Mets were the city’s lovable losers.

44. Piersall went on to have an outstanding (though not Hall of Fame caliber) and colorful playing career with the Red Sox, Indians, Senators, Mets, and Angels. Not a single active player testified on Flood’s behalf. We also learn about the founders of the Elias Sports Bureau and STATS Inc., who turned gathering baseball statistics into profitable businesses. Hershiser, outstanding hurler, tells Will: “Control without stuff is far better than stuff without control.” And Will, an astute observer, notes: “Baseball is not, like basketball or hockey or soccer, a game of steady flows. They use them to compare players, teams, games, and seasons, and to relive games they watched and didn’t watch. Another is Allan Roth, who persuaded Dodgers president Branch Rickey that the use of statistics could help him improve the team. I felt I wasn’t being a good newspaperman.” No longer beholden to his subject, Stump wrote a second biography that revealed Cobb’s racism, violence, cruelty, and egomania. Ruth is the most famous player and colorful character in the game’s history, but Creamer is not awed by the task of revealing the man behind the legend. Indeed, Cobb was probably psychotic, and Stump’s second biography probes the roots of his troubles as well as his extraordinary talent as a player whose lifetime .367 batting average will never be matched.

36. Jim Piersall & Al Hirshberg, Fear Strikes Out (1955). President Bill Clinton appeared with Rachel Robinson at Shea Stadium to venerate her late husband. What’s your retort to that?” Flood responded: “A well-paid slave is nonetheless a slave.” The next year, when the case reached the U.S. No matter what major league team you support, Kahn’s book will have you rooting for the 1983 Utica Blue Sox in the New York-Penn League. Elias loves baseball but he doesn’t like the way it has been used by American corporations and the U.S. He got hits in all 14 World Series games in which he played. Some major league teams were more willing than others to recruit Latino players, laying the groundwork for the Brooklyn Dodgers general manager Branch Rickey to sign Jackie Robinson to officially dismantle the major league color line in 1947. That observation remains true today and in the intervening years our national pastime has inspired great poems, music, plays, films, novels, and thousands of biographies, autobiographies, histories, essays, and other nonfiction works. Lamb shows how white mainstream sportswriters perpetuated the color line by participating in what their black counterparts called a “conspiracy of silence.”

I’ve left out “how-to” books and compilations of statistics and trivia. Cramer’s look at DiMaggio’s 56-game hitting streak in 1941 may convince you that it is the single most remarkable accomplishment in baseball history. We learn what it was like to play for manager John McGraw and to play with and against Ty Cobb. Scouts began signing them at bargain-basement rates which, to the desperately poor Dominican families, seemed like a bonanza. Kuhn, 1972), but he set the stage for a battle that the players ultimately won, even though Flood’s own career was destroyed by his courageous stand. Curt Flood, Andy Messersmith, and Dave McNally helped destroy baseball’s dreaded reserve clause and create a new era of free agency. A lot of what romance remains in baseball centers on this perennial quest, and Kerrane, an English professor at the University of Delaware, captures it in this wonderfully affectionate book.” — People magazine. Much of Robinson’s testimony involved his criticism of American racism, but the press focused on his attack on Robeson, including his comment that “I and other Americans of many races and faiths have too much invested in our country’s welfare for any of us to throw it away for a siren song sung in bass.” In his autobiography, Robinson said he regretted his remarks about Robeson (who, ironically, had been a key player in the left-led campaign to integrate major league baseball). But his tortured acting in “Fear Strikes Out” must have persuaded Alfred Hitchcock to cast him as Norman Bates in “Psycho.”

The baseball season is now upon us. That batter was Ray Chapman of the Cleveland Indians, who was struck in the head and killed in August 1920 by a pitch thrown by Carl Mays of the New York Yankees. In the 1905 World Series, he threw three shutouts in six days, a feat that has never been equaled. The one-time pitching ace of the New York Yankees scandalized baseball fans, fellow players and executives with the first “insider” expose of the daily lives of players, managers, and coaches. He had many acquaintances but few real friends. Ruck presents the hard facts of Major League baseball’s racist history, from its demolition of the Negro Leagues (without providing owners and players adequate compensation) to the exploitation of desperate players in Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Mexico, and other Latin countries. “How good are these guys,” Kahn asked his general manager. We learn about Danny Gardella, a so-so major league player who jumped to the Mexican League in 1946 and sued when all the big league owners used the hated reserve clause to blacklist him. Elias’ revisionist history examines how Americans exported baseball to Japan, Cuba, Central America, Great Britain, and Western Europe as part of its broader aims to gain economic and military advantage. He reveals that at any given moment, there are hundreds of things happening on the playing field, most of them subtle and invisible, particularly the choices that managers and players have to make to deal with the many possibilities they have to consider with each pitch. It is deeply intertwined with American politics. With telling anecdotes and a great sense of the game’s history, they provide an unsentimental, myth-busting, and unsparing look at our national pastime. Brosnan spent nine years in the majors as a so-so relief pitcher for the St. The Imperfect Diamond tells the stories of the players and their opponents, the powerful owners. But thanks to Al Stump’s biography – and the 1994 Hollywood movie based on the book that starred Tommy Lee Jones as Cobb and Robert Wuhl as Stump – few Americans, including baseball fans, have any illusions about Cobb’s dark and self-destructive personality. Lamb needed a break from his job as a political reporter foreign correspondent for the Los Angeles Times, so he spent a summer traveling16,000 miles across America visiting as many minor league towns and stadiums as he could. Major League Baseball retired Robinson’s number–42–for all teams. This is Holtzman’s version of The Boys of Summer, except it focuses on the boys with typewriters and notepads rather than bats and gloves.

5. Allan Barra, Clearing the Bases: The Greatest Baseball Debates of the Last Century (2002). We learn how John Montgomery Ward led the Players League Rebellion of 1890, the rise and fall of David Fultz and the Baseball Players Fraternity (1912-18) and the hardball regime of the sport’s first Commissioner, Kennesaw Mountain Landis, who was brought in to restore the game’s credibility after the 1919 Black Sox scandal. In 1998, Congress passed and President Clinton signed the Curt Flood Act, which removes baseball’s immunity from antitrust laws. Restrictive covenants were still legal, barring blacks (and Jews) from buying homes in many neighborhoods–not just in the South. But in recent years, minor league teams have made a slight comeback in small towns and big cities alike.

14. Nicholas Dawidoff, The Catcher Was a Spy: The Mysterious Life of Moe Berg (1994). No matter how much you know about Robinson’s storied life, you will learn many new things in this full-scale biography. Snyder’s book, and the 2011 HBO documentary, “The Curious Case of Curt Flood,” may help to resurrect the memory and reputation of this baseball pioneer.

38. Arnold Rampersad, Jackie Robinson: A Biography (1997). No big city had a black mayor. Introductions to books by celebrities are usually pretty awful, but Bob Costas’ introduction is insightful and entertaining.

12. Richard Ben Cramer, Joe DiMaggio: The Hero’s Life (2000). But the film strikes out as history, because it ignores the true story of how baseball’s apartheid system was dismantled. This is an eye-opening and wonderfully written expose of the “American pastime.”

46. He shows how the idea of “race” is an arbitrary category, subject to changing prejudices and conditions. In fact, he was already planning his funeral.” Leavy describes Mantle’s alcoholic binges, his womanizing (he even hit on Leavy when she first tried to interview him), and his troubled relationship with his wife and children, but she also provides examples of Mantle’s charitable acts and kindness, the affection his teammates had for him, and, toward the end of his life, his growing self-awareness and regrets that led him to acknowledge his failures and urge youngsters not to follow his example. He died in 1997 of throat cancer at age 59. Louis Cardinals and then the Cincinnati Reds. From his rookie season in 1936, DiMaggio replaced Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig as the idol of Yankee fans, keeping the team consistently in the World Series. In 1946, at least six African Americans were lynched in the South. His most recent book is The 100 Greatest Americans of the 20th Century: A Social Justice Hall of Fame (Nation Books, 2012).

49. But the truth is that it was a political victory brought about by a social protest movement. Beane defied conventional wisdom and his own scouts in assembling his team through shrewd trades. Kurlansky explains how Cubans, who had learned baseball from Americans, brought the game to the Dominican Republican in the late 1800s. In 1969, the St. In 1949, during the Cold War, Branch Rickey orchestrated Robinson’s appearance before the House Un-American Activities Committee so that he could publicly criticize Robeson over a statement that he had allegedly made at a conference in Paris that black Americans would not fight in a war against Russia. It is an eye-opening chronicle of hopes and dreams but also a snapshot of the towns (many of them in rural areas) that support these teams because they love baseball. The film portrays baseball’s integration as the tale of two trailblazers–Robinson, the combative athlete and Dodgers president Branch Rickey, the shrewd strategist–battling baseball’s, and society’s, bigotry. Bean quit when he could no longer stand living a double life. If you saw the film “42,” you know that Rickey traded star player Dixie Walker, a Southern racist, to the Pirates soon after Jackie Robinson joined the team. Alexander, an academic historian, weaves anecdotes and profiles with analysis of how baseball reflected changes in the larger society, including the rise of cities, immigration, race relations, and other topics. Harvard paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould waxes poetic about the New York Giants’ Dusty Rhodes, who had a few remarkable years as a pinch hitter. In his introduction to the book, Bill Veeck praises Breslin for “preserving for all time a remarkable tale of ineptitude, mediocrity, and abject failure.”

39. Lawrence Ritter, The Glory of Their Times: The Story of the Early Days of Baseball Told By the Men Who Played It (1966, updated 1984). “I do have an increased respect for Paul Robeson,” Robinson wrote, “who, over the span of that 20 years (since 1949) sacrificed himself, his career and the wealth and comfort he once enjoyed because, I believe, he was sincerely trying to help his people.”

50. When he refused, he was traded to the A’s. Players from overseas didn’t have the same negotiating clout. Some Latinos “passed” for white, and some Black players “passed” as Latinos, depending on which group was more accepted in particular times and places. On an inning by inning basis, it chronicles the opening game of the 1954 World Series which the underdog New York Giants eventually won in four games. The growing interest in women’s participation in professional baseball began with Kelly Candaele’s 1988 documentary film “A League of Their Own,” based on the experiences of his mother, Helen Callaghan, a left-handed center fielder who played five seasons in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League and won the batting title in 1945. 24, 1969, Flood wrote a letter to Commissioner Bowie Kuhn that said: “After 12 years in the major leagues, I do not feel that I am a piece of property to be bought and sold irrespective of my wishes.” Sportscaster Howard Cosell asked Flood: “It’s been written, Curt, that you’re a man who makes $90,000 a year, which isn’t exactly slave wages. The 1957 film — starring Anthony Perkins as Piersall and Karl Malden as his domineering father who pushes his son beyond all reasonable limits — is awful, although it has some heartbreaking and insightful moments. In 1972, he refused to attend an old-timers game and accused baseball owners of running “a big selfish business” for failing to hire blacks as managers, coaches and front-office executives. The calculations they make – about what pitch to throw, where fielders should be located, whether to anticipate that a runner will try to steal, how the wind and the weather will affect the play, who should be warming up in the bullpen, whether to bring in a pinch hitter or pinch runner, and many more – are based on knowledge, experience, and gut instinct. Robinson draws on interviews, press clips, and eyewitness accounts, to bring Mathewson, and those early days of major league baseball, to life, including the long train trips (with cramped berths and no air conditioning) between games, the small town ballplayers let loose amidst big city vice; and the two-bit gambling that eventually led to the infamous Black Sox scandal in 1919. Leavy’s portrait of Mantle is a literary masterpiece as well as a masterful feat of investigative reporting. He was the narrator of a collective aspiration.” She gives due credit to Bob Hendley, the opposing pitcher, who threw a one-hitter. government (including the military) to impose our values on other countries and exploit its natural and human resources. Cobb hired Stump to ghost-write his 1961 autobiography, My Life in Baseball. Executives, managers, and coaches use them to decide which players to scout, draft, promote, play, and trade.

32. David Maraniss, Clemente: The Passion and Grace of Baseball’s Last Hero (2006). Rampersad provides fresh insights into every aspect of Robinson’s story — family’s background in the rural South (he was the grandson of a slave), his upbringing in Pasadena, California, his personal and athletic exploits in junior college and at UCLA, his controversial court-martial during WW2 when he defied local segregation laws in Texas and refused to move to the back of a bus (a decade before Rosa Parks), his days playing pro football and in the Negro Leagues, his tremendous courage and resilience as he broke the major league’s color line in 1947 amid death threats and abuse from players and fans alike (he was hit by pitches six times in his first 37 games), his brilliant 10-year playing career with the Dodgers, his willingness to speak out against racism even during his playing days, his deepening involvement with the civil rights movement when his playing days were over (including a regular column in the Amsterdam News that was only one of many platforms to voice his opinions), his business ventures, and the evolving views about politics and American society, including his frustrations over the slow pace of baseball integration on the field (especially within the ranks of managers and coaches) and in the executive suites. “Whoever wants to know the heart and mind of America had better learn baseball,” wrote Columbia University scholar Jacques Barzun in 1954. Leavy has an eye for anecdotes that reveal a larger reality. Few know that in high school Koufax was better at basketball than baseball, earning a hoops scholarship to the University of Cincinnati. He was making $90,000 a year – a huge salary at the time. The number of Latin Americans, by contrast, has exploded to over one-quarter of all major leaguers and roughly half of those playing in the minors. Al Stump, Cobb: A Biography (1994). Kahn writes movingly about Joe Black, who joined the Dodgers from the Negro Leagues and had one exceptional season – pitching the team to the 1952 pennant, winning the Rookie of the Year award – then hurt his arm and was out of the majors three years later. Mathewson changed this attitude, become what today we’d call a role model. He takes readers inside the clubhouse and onto the playing field, showing the physical and emotional toll that playing pro baseball takes on the players, and the added psychological burden of having to hide who he was to all but a handful of close friends. Berkow began writing the memoir with Greenberg and completed it after Greenberg died.

37. Joshua Prager, The Echoing Green: The Untold Story of Bobby Thomson, Ralph Branca and the Shot Heard Round the World (2008). The campaign was one of the most important civil rights stories of the 1930s and 1940s. His analysis of baseball’s role in the Cuban and Nicaraguan revolution is provocative. In this courageous memoir, Bean (who is often confused with another Billy Bean, the subject of the book Moneyball) recounts how Dodgers manager Tommy Lasorda constantly made homophobic jokes, even as Lasorda’s gay son was dying from AIDS. We learn about his relationships with his wife and children, fellow players, civil rights leaders (including Paul Robeson, Martin Luther King and Malcolm X) and politicians (including Dwight Eisenhower, John Kennedy, Richard Nixon, Hubert Humphrey, Barry Goldwater, and Nelson Rockefeller). Paul Dickson’s Bill Veeck: Baseball’s Greatest Maverick (2012) is a serious and well-written biography of this pioneering baseball figure.

35. Robert Peterson, Only the Ball Was White: A History of Legendary Black Players and All-Black Professional Teams (1970). Korr also draws on interviews with ballplayers, journalists, and team executives to construct this insider’s view of the formative years of the most successful labor union in the country. Coffee and basking in the applause of crowds at Old Timers game — but was basically a lonely man. In 1999, former major league outfielder Billy Bean made headlines, not for his play on the field but by coming out of the closet as a gay man. It has outposts around the world and imports cheap labor to maintain its big profits. She also tracks down the boy (by then, a 69-year old man) who found the baseball that Mantle drove 565 feet out of Washington’s Griffith Stadium in order to dissect the myths and realities of that remarkable blast. But Berg was a fascinating individual on many levels and Dawidoff does justice to the secretive Berg who was a rare college graduate (Princeton) among players of that era as well as one of the few Jewish major leaguers. It was part of a broader movement to eliminate discrimination in housing, jobs, and other sectors of society. Nowhere is this more evident than in the Dominican Republic. Commissioner Bowie Kuhn pressured Bouton (unsuccessfully) to declare the book untrue. Kerrane take us inside their world, where we learn about their daily lives, how they evaluate players, and the original (and often surprising) scouting reports on some of baseball’s greatest players. The Baseball Players Association was founded in 1953 but, as Lowenfish explains, it didn’t know how to use its muscle until it hired Marvin Miller as its executive director. Alan Schwarz, The Numbers Game: Baseball’s Lifelong Fascination with Statistics (2004). Burgos, a history professor at the University of Illinois, offers captivating profiles of the trials and triumphs of players like Minnie Minoso, Robert Clemente, Orlando Cepeda, and other Latino pioneers, many of them little-known even by many baseball fans. Over the past three decades, there have been dozens of books written about the Negro Leagues, but Peterson was the pioneer who set the stage for all the others. (During that same period, only 129 big leaguers came from New York City). Some essays are better than others but a few are outstanding. They tackle a mind-boggling range of topics, including baseball’s origins, the contributions of minorities and women, the evolution of umpiring, baseball during wartime, baseball’s influence on literature and music, substance abuse, on- and off-field tragedy, Abraham Lincoln’s ties with baseball, and even Russia’s claim to have invented baseball. The District Court judge ruled against floor as did the Supremes two years later. Robinson broke into baseball when America was a deeply segregated nation. He also uncovered documents that reveal the negligence that led to Clemente’s death in an uninspected, overloaded plane.

16. David Halberstam, The Teammates: A Portrait of a Friendship (2003) In October 2001, Dominic DiMaggio and Johnny Pesky began a 1,300-mile car trip to Florida to visit their friend and former Boston Red Sox teammate Ted Williams, whom they know is dying. Will’s eye for telling details is remarkable and his prose is even lively. But he acted on principle. There is much triumph and tragedy, as with any group of human beings. The fixing of the 1919 World Series by gamblers and eight Chicago White Sox players was baseball’s biggest scandal, even more than corked bats and steroid use. This biography reveals Veeck’s battles with his fellow owners and the many innovations (some pretty wacky) he brought to baseball. Most sportswriters until then treated players as heroic larger-than-life figures and even role models for America’s youth. In a “you are there” style, Asinof vividly describes the unfolding controversy, as the White Sox players, angry at their low pay and mistreatment by the team owner, and eager to cash in on this opportunity, threw the series against the Cincinnati Reds. No baseball lover will come away from reading this book without having some of his/her cherished beliefs challenged, but as a result will be a much better-informed fan. Some of his players, however, were “derided as castoffs” and as “geriatric rejects,” but they loved playing baseball, which makes the book a revealing human story as much as a tale about sports. Brought up in Oakland, California, Flood was shocked by the Jim Crow segregation he encountered in 1956 as an 18-year rookie assigned by the Cincinnati Reds to its High Point, N.C. Players and agents use them to negotiate contracts. He notes that, even today, Major League Baseball is unwilling to share power with international baseball federations, the International Olympic Committee, or foreign leagues. District Court in Manhattan, two of Flood’s key witnesses were Jackie Robinson and Hank Greenberg. In 2002, the Oakland Athletics had a surprising winning record (103-59) – and even won an incredible 20 consecutive games – despite having the smallest player payroll of any major league team. cavalry to detain Native Americans?

17. Arnold Hano, A Day in the Bleachers (1955) Hano, one of our preeminent sportswriters, takes from the subway ride to the ballpark, through batting practice and warm-ups, to the game-winning home run. This infatuation with statistics is nothing new, as Schwarz shows in this book that manages to be so wonderfully readable that even math-phobes will love it. After reading this book, you’ll never look at the business of baseball in the same way. Like Jackie Robinson, he used his celebrity to speak out on social issues. Starting in the 1950s, many minor league teams and leagues collapsed, the result of the rise of television (making major league games accessible to people around the country) and unsustainable economics. Elias’ extensive research is filled with eye-opening anecdotes and tidbits. Peterson also writes about how the black and white owners exploited their players at the same time they provided them with an opportunity to make a living (and become celebrities within the black community) playing baseball. Baseball fans are obsessed with numbers. “He had watched Gary Cooper deliver Lou Gehrig’s farewell address in ‘The Pride of the Yankees.’ Now he was standing in the same spot, invoking Gehrig’s parting words: ‘I always wondered how a man who knew he was going to die could stand here and say he was the luckiest man in the world. Peterson’s book is still worth reading even though there are now many books on the topic, among the best of which are John Holway’s Voices from the Great Black Baseball Leagues (1975), Donn Rogosin, Invisible Men: Life in Baseball’s Negro Leagues (1983), Neil Lanctot, Negro League Baseball: The Rise and Ruin of a Black Institution (2004), and the magisterial Baseball’s Great Experiment: Jackie Robinson and his Legacy by Jules Tygiel (1983). Lewis’ book is both a wonderful profile of Beane and a fantastic “insider” look at the daily life of a major league team.

1. Charles Alexander, Our Game: An American Baseball History (1991). Lewis followed the team and discovered the secret of the A’s success was general manager Billy Beane’s use of statistics to evaluate and trade for under-appreciated players who didn’t command huge salaries but, as a team, were outstanding at producing runs and winning games. It is filled with fascinating anecdotes, profiles of players, owners, agents, and others. One of the most poignant scenes is Lamb’s encounter with his boyhood hero, Eddie Mathews, the former Braves slugging third baseman who was working as a batting coach for the Braves’ AA team in Durham, North Carolina. She writes about the Colorado Silver Bullets, an independent team that barnstormed across the county from several years, and the Philadelphia Bobbies, a team of fourteen women (with a male battery) that played the Northwest and Japan in 1925. While traveling with and interviewing Cobb over a ten month period, Stump discovered that the Georgia Peach was a rotten tomato. It included protests against segregation within the military, mobilizing for a federal anti-lynching law, marches to open up defense jobs to blacks during World War II, and boycotts against stores that refused to hire African Americans under the banner “don’t shop where you can’t work.” The movement accelerated after the war, when returning black veterans expected that America would open up opportunities for African Americans. Bean’s love for the game shines through, and thus his decision to quit in order to be honest with himself and to maintain his relationship with his lover is even more excruciating. This is oral history at its best. Most white Americans knew nothing about this story because mainstream newspapers said little about the color line and less about the efforts to end it. He won at least 30 games in four seasons and 373 games in his career. In 1959, he kept a diary, beginning with the winter when he waits to see whether his contract will be renewed, then takes us through spring training in Florida and through the entire season. To keep him sexuality a secret, he dated women and had to engage in furtive encounters with other gay men. In these 50 nonfiction books, you can read about colorful players and managers, remarkable feats of athletic prowess, and fascinating stories about fans, scouts, owners and executives, and even umpires. I hate his elitism and his disdain for democracy.

45. The son of a Sicilian immigrant who scratched out a bare living as a San Francisco fisherman, DiMaggio was such a remarkably talented ballplayer (at bat as well as in center field) that he rose quickly from the sandlots to the big leagues.

3. Jean Hastings Ardell, Breaking into Baseball: Women and the National Pastime (2005). In mid-season, the Giants had installed a telescope in a block of concrete in behind the centerfield wall in order to “steal” the opposing catchers’ finger signals.

13. Robert Creamer, Babe: The Legend Comes to Life (1974). The sugar mills in and around San Pedro – many of them owned or controlled by Americans – fielded their own teams comprised of cane cutters for whom baseball was a respite from their low-paying and physically demanding jobs. The day in question was gray and drizzly.

20. Jerome Holtzman, No Cheering in the Press Box (1995). After reading this book, you will admire DiMaggio’s exceptional athletic feats and his loyalty to his ex-wife Marilyn Monroe, but you will come away thinking that as a human being the Yankee Clipper was an incredibly selfish asshole. The Teammates is one of his best of both genres, a profoundly moving story of four men recalling their years as outstanding athletes and recounting their transformation into senior citizens dealing with the hardships of old age.

40. Jackie Robinson with Alfred Duckett, I Never Had It Made (1972). In his 17-year career, he hit .272 and 104 homers, was a two-time All-Star and a great defensive outfielder with a .990 lifetime fielding percentage, among the highest of all-time. Pulitzer Prize-winning New York newspaper columnist provides a funny, affectionate, and insightful look at the first season of the “Amazing Mets,” an expansion team with a roster of comprised mostly of has-been veterans and young cast-offs from other teams. Ardell’s thorough research produced a well-written account of this topic. Back then, the majors didn’t use clean, new balls after every foul ball or pitch in the dirt. Not surprisingly, Greenberg was one of the few white ballplayers who supported and encouraged Robinson when he entered the major leagues in 1947. The film version of Moneyball, released in 2011, is among the best baseball movies ever made. American baseball is a colonial enterprise. One of the best is John Schulian’s ode to Steve Bilko, perhaps the greatest slugger in the 1950s Pacific Coast League who had a so-so major league career and whose exploits so inspired TV writer Neil Simon that he named Phil Silvers’ conniving Army sergeant after him. As a baseball player, he would hardly rate a full-scale biography. Like other black players who joined the majors within a decade after Jackie Robinson’s debut in 1947, Flood faced racism by fans, team executives, and white players. Filmmaker John Sayles’ elegy for slugger Dick Stuart and newspaper columnist Pete Hamill’s ruminations about infielder Eddie Stanky are worth the price of admission. At least once a year, Angell – the longtime fiction editor of The New Yorker – entices readers with an essay about baseball. Written and researched in the 1960s – when most of the great Negro League stars were still alive and a few were still in the majors – Peterson relied on news accounts (including the Black press) and interviews to compile this remarkable account of this fascinating institution that flourished as a result of Jim Crow and then quickly collapsed after Jackie Robinson crossed baseball’s color line. Snyder’s book will make you admire Flood the fighter if not Flood the man. Prager insists that, as a result, Thomson knew what pitch Branca was going to throw, thus tarnishing his accomplishment.

33. Marvin Miller, A Whole Different Ball Game: The Inside Story of the Baseball Revolution (2004). Some Anglicized their names to avoid discrimination. When he came out publicly, his story made front-page news in the New York Times, and he became active in gay rights causes.

30. Michael Lewis, Moneyball: The Art of Winning an Unfair Game (2003). John Sayles’ 1988 film, “Eight Men Out,” based on the book, is one of the best baseball moves of all time. Greenberg and Robinson were pioneers on and off the baseball field. Getting them to join forces into a union was no easy task, especially when owners kept reminding them that there were plenty of other athletes willing to take their places. In the case of major league baseball, however, the workers – thanks to their union – eventually won most of the major battles. Honig followed in footsteps of Lawrence Ritter, whose 1966 book, The Glory of Their Times: The Story of the Early Days of Baseball Told By the Men Who Played It, was Honig’s inspiration. That documentary inspired Penny Marshall to make the 1992 Hollywood version with the same title, starring Tom Hanks, Geena Davis, Madonna, and other stars. But none of that would have mattered if Mathewson wasn’t also an amazing pitcher with pinpoint control. Baseball has become a big business. in the 1940s. Perhaps the biggest gap among the thousands of books written about baseball is a biography of Dalkowski, a tale more about tragedy than triumph, but a haunting human story nonetheless.

24. Charles Korr, The End of Baseball as We Knew It: The Players Union, 1960-81 (2002). Cramer writes as gracefully as DiMaggio played. Leavy intersperses chapters about Koufax’s life with a riveting and detailed inning-by-inning narrative of his 1965 perfect game, written in the present tense, which gives readers a sense of being at the game. He challenges the myth that Babe Ruth was baseball’s savior after the 1919 Black Sox scandal, which he calls “an American creation myth.” Although I grew up believing (and still believe) that Willie Mays was superior to Mickey Mantle, Barra uses statistics to convincingly challenge that view. At that point, the Dominican talent pool became a highly valued source of cheap labor. Fortunately, Arnold Rampersand’s biography (described above) offers the full story.

42. Robert Ruck, Raceball: How the Major Leagues Colonized the Black and Latin Game (2011) After peaking at 27% of all major leaguers in 1975, African Americans now make up less than one-tenth–a decline unimaginable in other men’s pro sports. Prager recreates that incident in fascinating detail. But was Thomson’s achievement compromised by a scandal? Prager, a Wall Street Journal reporter, claims that it was. The biggest scandal in baseball history doesn’t have to do with steroids or fixing games. Foreign Policy and Promoted the American Way Abroad (2010). It is the blacklisting of Marvin Miller from baseball’s Hall of Fame. Plus, Mays had a difficult-to-follow submarine delivery that brought his pitching hand close to the ground. Will shatters the myth that baseball is a slow, dull game. In his own 1995 autobiography, Out at Home, published posthumously later that year, Burke — who died of AIDS in 1995 at age 42 — revealed that the Dodgers’ management offered to pay for a luxurious honeymoon if he would agree to a “marriage of convenience” to conceal his homosexuality. Historian Korr was the first scholar given access to the files, letters, and correspondence of the Major League Baseball Players Association, including the files of Marvin Miller, the union’s brilliant executive director, hired in 1966. During World War 1, a New York Times reporter suggested that “The world ought to be made safe for baseball.” Although few have expressed that sentiment so bluntly, Elias demonstrates that baseball has often been a pawn in the game of world politics. The so-called Black Sox scandal led to major changes in baseball, including the creation of a new position, Commissioner, to try to redeem the sport in the public mind at the start of the Roaring Twenties. La Russa describes why he moves his outfielders when a particular slugger comes up to bat with a runner on second.

25. Mark Kurlansky, The Eastern Stars: How Baseball Changed the Dominican Town of San Pedro de Macoris (2010). A veteran writer for Sports Illustrated, Creamer’s biography of Babe Ruth is worthy of his extraordinary subject.

2. Roger Angell, The Summer Game (1972). By the end of his life, Robinson was bitter about the failure of America, and baseball, to make faster progress toward racial justice. George Will, Men at Work: The Craft of Baseball (1990). Adding to the scandal is the Players Association’s failure to wage a campaign to insist that Miller – who lead the union from 1966 to 1983 and who died in 2012 at age 95- be voted into that hallowed hall. Only a handful of them will make the majors and the big money, but their dreams have fueled a growing pipeline of talented young Dominican athletes eager for their shot at the big time. Tygiel describes the dignity with which Robinson handled his encounters with racism–including verbal and physical abuse on the field and in hotels, restaurants, trains, and elsewhere. It is easy for baseball writers to fall prey to nostalgia for the “good old days.” But Honig resists that temptation while reminding us of how different the game between the two major wars as seen through the eyes of the players – including the greats and the not-so-greats. Berg was a second-string catcher for several major league teams between 1923 and 1939. In his book, Piersall provides a frank and fascinating account of his breakdown and how – with the help of doctors, his wife, and even his teammates – he was able to recover and resume his pro career. This is a first-hand account by the most influential individual in baseball history.

7. Jim Bouton, Ball Four (1970). But Black returned to his (and my) hometown in New Jersey, taught school, then became a successful executive with Greyhound and an advocate for former Negro League players. war and every American overseas adventure since the 1800s. Schwarz devotes an absorbing chapter to the importance of luck (or random error) in baseball. Veeck was a brilliant entrepreneur and showman who preferred sitting in the bleachers to the box seats.

29. Jane Leavy, The Last Boy: Mickey Mantle and the End of America’s Childhood (2010). Louis Cardinals – with whom he’d excelled for 12 seasons – trade him to the Phillies. If all you knew about Ty Cobb was what you learned at the Ty Cobb Museum, located in his hometown of Royston, Georgia, you’d think he was a competitive player, a superlative hitter and base stealer, and a humanitarian. Among other things, it required a few high profile, and thus irreplaceable players, to take leadership. Angell is an expert observer of the baseball world, but his essays are as much about American culture as about the sport itself. In 2005, according to Kurlansky, about one-quarter of minor league players came from the Dominican Republic. Ritter was baseball’s first great oral historian, creating a genre that many others have since imitated but few (except Donald Honig) have equaled. Both super-stars were angry and retired after their long-time employers (the Dodgers and Tigers, respectively) tried to trade when their glory days were over. The balls were also stained with tobacco juice and spit. As player salaries (and initial signing bonuses) have dramatically increased, the role of scouts has become even more important. But in typical colonial (or imperialist) style, those rules only applied to American players. Ring includes oral histories of eleven of the teams 20 members, describing how they fell in love with and learned to play and excel in the sport. One of the most telling parts of this book is Robinson’s apology for his criticism of singer-activist Paul Robeson. He not only lost the game; his feat has been lost to history, overshadowed by Koufax’s perfection. Eventually, the union overturned the reserve clause, but it was too late to help Flood. Many baseball aficionados consider this the best book ever written about the game. Berg earned the Medal of Freedom for spying on the German’s A-bomb project for the Office of Strategic Services but was later dropped by the CIA. We see how Commission Peter Ueberroth and the owners colluded in ways that would make an anti-trust lawyer squirm, even though baseball has a ridiculous exemption from anti-trust laws. Former Negro League players are now in the Cooperstown Hall of Fame, the Negro Leagues have their own Hall of Fame in Kansas City, and there are lots of websites where you can learn about the Negro League teams and stars. But Moneyball doesn’t read like a business book. It is difficult today to summon the excitement that greeted Robinson’s achievement. Left out of these victories – and out of Lowenfish’s otherwise comprehensive account – are the minor league players and the workers employed by major league teams as ushers, food vendors, parking lot attendants, and other support staff.

These books will provide baseball fans with great enjoyment and food for thought. Baseball scouts can make or break players’ careers. Gai Berlage’s groundbreaking history of women’s baseball — Women in Baseball (1994) was the first book to mine this untapped history. He was good-looking, religious, and one of the few pro ballplayers of his era to have gone to college (at Bucknell University, where he was a star pitcher, an ace field-goal kicker in football, and class president. Now I think I know how Lou Gehrig felt.’ “What was lost in all the huzzahs attendant to the occasion — the last lap around the stadium in a bullpen cart with hand-painted pinstripes — was that he cast himself as a dying man. The topics of many of their recollections overlap, providing fascinating glimpses about the same players and events – and each other – from different perspectives. He gives credit to the players, like Curt Flood and others, who made significant sacrifices for the union and their fellow players. He overacted and had no athletic ability. Halberstam takes us with them as they get together with Williams but also takes us back to their days in uniform, where the first formed a bond that would last for over 60 years and would include another player, Bobby Doerr, the fourth member of this close group, who wasn’t able to join DiMaggio and Pesky on the road trip. It is also filled with mesmerizing stories and colorful figures, including a harsh word for the renowned Goldberg, whose oral argument for Flood at the Supreme Court was, according to his co-counsel, one of the worst he’d ever heard. We learn that when Carl Furillo, a great hitter whose rifle arm also made him an outstanding right fielder, ended his playing days he became a construction worker and helped build the World Trade Center, then owned a butcher shop in Queens, and later worked as a night watchman. Louis Browns, Cleveland Indians, and Chicago White Sox, was probably the only socialist to own a major league baseball team. His marriages (including his second marriage to Monroe) were failures. The book’s title comes from former big league manager Paul Richards, who warned that if the owners signed a collective bargaining agreement with the union, it would be “the end of baseball as we knew it.” He was right. The poorly-educated son of a hard-scrabble zinc miner from rural Oklahoma, Mantle was amazingly strong, fast, good looking, and shy but charming, and played in the nation’s media capital. He lost his lawsuit against the baseball establishment before the U.S. There are hundreds of baseball books about the “best” and “worst” players, teams, seasons, and so on. Even after his comeback, Piersall occasionally engaged in odd behavior (like trotting backwards around the bases after hitting his 100th home run) that reminded fans that although he had recovered from his breakdown, he was still somewhat “crazy” in popular parlance

A Good Bet for D.C.?

Gambling, a blog to educate D.C. As a result, activists created Stop D.C. will be splitting an estimated $26 million over

four years with DC09, with Intralot paying all program expenses.

But is the “Lottery Modernization” law really just a way for D.C. According to the D.C. and fixed odd games.” That includes the very chancy virtual E-scratch. . Instead, people can gamble in the privacy of their own homes or in “Secure Commercial iGaming Locations (SCILs),” located in existing commercial establishments, such as hotels, coffee shops, bars and restaurants. Brown disputes that as well claiming in a “Dear Colleague” letter that “the iGaming provision was properly vetted through Council procedures …” Since being enacted, D.C. Lottery, net

iGaming revenue is split 50/50 between the D.C. to get an online seat at the gambling table? Desperate for revenue, many states are exploring iGaming as a budget-booster, so D.C. Councilmember At-Large Michael A. Some local community bodies are also calling for repeal.

Online gambling also means no casinos blighting the nation’s capital’s cityscape. Lottery Board says “It’s here, it’s happening.”

Others see bringing iGaming into trendy commercial areas like Adams Morgan as dangerous, with the potential of mixing alcohol and gambling, a fear Councilmember Brown rebuffs because there is no cash involved.

According to Gabrielle Barry, Chief of Marketing & New Products for the D.C. budget bill at the end of last year without public hearings. Some who oppose iGaming are appalled at the legislative process creating the online gambling law. According to opponents, it was slipped into the D.C. Meanwhile, local iGaming advocates believe online gambling revenue will fix the schools, create jobs and help human services programs, even though the gambling funds go into D.C.’s general fund, and are not dedicated to education or social programs. David Umansky in the office of D.C.’s

Chief Financial Officer said that means D.C.

Buddy Roogow, executive director of the D.C. is not alone. But it may not be a done deal, although it was part of D.C.’s Budget Support Act passed in late 2010. government and DC09, with DC09

responsible for implementation and operating costs. In other words, to get a license, a business has to already be in operation. Council members Tommy Wells and Phil Mendelson have sponsored repeal legislation while other local officials have backed off from their support of the law as passed. In order to iGame, you have to be at least 19 years of age and be within city limits. A woman with parents in their 70s who drive outside of Delaware to gamble and don’t return until five in the morning, would rather have them iGaming at home.

Viewed by iGaming proponents as a possible revenue-raiser for a city with struggling schools and social services, the law has met with vociferous opposition over questions of who the internet gambling revenue will actually benefit, local authority over the location of online gaming sites, and challenges over the process of enacting the iGaming measure, the “Lottery Modernization Amendment Act of 2010,” into law. Theoretically, a SCIL could be in a gas station or a gym (gamble while you’re on the treadmill!).

“Anything that brings revenue into the city is a good thing,” said a man at a recent evening public meeting, one of the last in a series being held in the District’s eight wards.

So what exactly is iGaming? Very simply, it’s internet gambling. residents about the law’s flaws.

And who would benefit from the iGaming revenues? Opponents aren’t convinced it would be social programs. stress that gambling goes on regardless, only outside of the District, depriving the city of revenue. Lottery Commission, which would oversee D.C.’s iGaming, the internet is used to “wager money on games of skill or chance… The iGaming provision was the brainchild of D.C. But how much is the take for the vendors, which, in D.C.’s case, is “DC09 LLC,” a joint venture between Intralot, an integrated gaming supplier based in Greece (currently the world’s most notorious debtor nation) and the D.C.-based Veterans Services Corporation (VSC).

If you live in Washington, D.C., this may not just be an “iDream” and you could soon be living in the first jurisdiction in the country to allow iGaming. In opposition, a woman vocalized others’ concerns asking “how do we know where the money will go?”

What’s your iGame — Texas Hold’em Poker, Black Jack, Bingo? Or maybe it’s E-Scratch, a virtual way to scrape your way to winnings. Brown, as a budget enhancer he projects will bring in $13 million over the first four years.

Generally, supporters of iGaming in D.C

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Can Top Indian Casinos compare to Las Vegas Casinos? by David Cook

1) Barona Valley Ranch Resort and Casino

If you are getting the itch to visit Vegas but don’t want to make the trek, you might not have to look much further than your local Indian Casino. This spectacular highly acclaimed ranch-themed resort and casino has earned various awards for its casino and games, as well as for its restaurants and golf club.

Indian Casinos all around the country are shattering the notion that Indian Casinos are a less than par alternative when compared to their Las Vegas counterparts.

A good place to start is from an area often considered the Indian Casino capital of California and the location of an extremely competitive Indian Casino market, San Diego, California.

Here’s a quick snapshot of 6 Top Indian Casinos in San Diego:

You definitely won’t be let down by any of the Top 6 San Diego Indian Casinos.

You might be surprised…

However, just like in Sin City itself, the quality of Indian Casinos varies dramatically.

2) Viejas Casino

5) Pechanga Resort and Casino .

4) Pala Casino

Viejas is a well-established and popular Indian casino. Beyond its top notch gaming, Viejas Entertainment puts on high caliber concerts and the Viejas Outlet shopping center is known for it’s upscale outlet shopping. A new 21-story hotel tower adds to the resort feel and recently was voted as having the Best Rooms, Best Suites, Best Hotel Service and more in 2005 by Casino Player magazine. A-list performers scheduled regularly in the 1,200- seat Pechanga Theater

Pala Casino offers award winning gaming, has eight restaurants, a 10,000 square foot day spa, a four-diamond resort with 507 deluxe hotel rooms, including 82 suites, four entertainment venues and an Olympic size pool with 12 cabanas. Pala routinely attracts big name entertainment concerts as well.

With literally hundreds of Indian Casinos spread out across the United States, to give you an idea of the level of quality gaming emerging on reservations countrywide, let’s focus in on a few of the top Indian Casinos leading the way. Amenities include a luxurious spa and a state-of-the-art fitness center.

In addition to great gaming, dining and entertainment, Sycuan Resort offers 54 holes of Southern California’s best golf, championship tennis courts, great overnight accommodations and a relaxing atmosphere to enjoy cocktails and fine dining. The casino also caters to the trend setting crowd with their new V Lounge bar.

Harrah’s Rincon Casino follows in the footsteps of the Harrah’s gaming brand. Harrah’s Rincon routinely attracts famous acts to it’s entertainment complex.

3) Harrah’s Rincon Casino

Barona offers visitors Vegas style gaming action, combined with unique dining experiences, a luxurious hotel, and world-class golf.

6) Sycuan Resort and Casino

As one of the country’s newest resort destinations, Pechanga Resort & Casino, an AAA four-diamond property, offers the best of hotel luxury, Vegas style gaming, entertainment, meeting facilities and seven fine dining choices. The Showcase Theatre features great shows and concerts

How the Sports Betting Line is Made by RJ Bell

This usually includes having up-to-date power ratings on each team. If an oddsmaker comes up with a preliminary line of USC -7, then an adjustment up to -7.5 or -8 would be made in response to the public’s expected USC bias.

“The main objective is that our clients get equal action on both sides,” Seba said. People think it’s much more complicated, but it’s not.”

What Is the Line Trying to Accomplish?

How the Opening Line Is Made

Oddsmakers can also change the line depending on various event-related factors such as player injuries or weather.

Once a game’s power rating based pointspread is determined, the oddsmaker will make adjustments to that line after considering each team’s most recent games played and previous games played against that opponent. The power ratings are adjusted after each game a team plays. Each of these oddsmakers bring unique opinions, strengths and weaknesses to the process. Reasons for such adjustments include:

Divided action means the sportsbook is guaranteed a profit on the game because of the fee charged to the bettor (called juice or vig – typically $11 bet to win $10).

The last step in the line-making process for each oddsmaker is taking one final look to determine whether or not the line “feels right.” This is where common sense and past experience with how games are bet enters into the picture. We do this by drawing from past experiences and applying them to current situations. By moving the line, sportsbooks can influence how the public bets on a particular game.

Las Vegas Sports Consultants (LVSC) is the world’s premier oddsmaking company and the most respected authority on making the lines. Obviously, if the line comes out a week ahead of the event (which is the case in football), there is much that could happen during the week leading up to the event that could affect the line.

For example, if the pointspread on a game is 7 and most of the money is coming in on the underdog (taking the +7), sportsbooks will then move the number down to 6 ½ to try and attract money on the favorite. By necessity their approach is very research-oriented and concise, since with millions of dollars at risk there is little margin for error. Mike Seba is a Senior Oddsmaker at LVSC and has been making lines for the last six years.

“The #1 thing for us is to make a line for each game that creates good two-way action. Also, adjustments are made after reading each team’s local newspapers to get a sense of what the coaches & players are thinking going into the game. That is not the case at all – their intent is NOT to evenly split the ATS result between the teams; rather, their goal is to attract equal betting action on both sides. In our extended interview, Seba explained that there are 4-5 oddsmakers assigned to make lines for each of the major sports (pro & college football and basketball; MLB, NHL, boxing, golf).

Oddsmakers at LVSC are professional sports junkies who love what they do and would probably do it for nothing if you asked them, but they do get paid for it.

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Once the opening line is released by LVSC, the individual sportsbooks decide if they want to make any adjustments before offering it to the public.

Once betting begins, sportsbooks can adjust the line at any time. In doing so they attempt to make more attractive the team that is getting less action. Stated another way, they want to create a line that half the people find appealing to bet one way while the other half find it appealing to bet the other way (known as ‘dividing the action’). Examples of non-game factors that would require an adjustment to a team’s power rating are key player injuries and player trades. “We’re not trying to pick the team that covers the spread, we’re trying to make it a coin flip, a tough decision (for the bettor). For example, the public might have heavy betting interest week after week on a popular college football team such as USC. Seba explained that it all starts with each oddsmaker creating a line on each game based upon their own personal approach. Oddsmakers have to determine if any changes are necessary and send out an “adjusted line.”

The opening line is the first line created by the oddsmakers, which is then sent out to sportsbooks. Of course there is an entire method to the madness on how the opening line is created.

RJ Bell

©Pregame.com 2006

Website: http://www.Pregame.com

“You either have a passion for it or you don’t,” Seba said.

Why the Line Changes .

Individual books having players who consistently bet with certain tendencies (such as an extreme bias toward favorites or toward a certain popular team like USC)

There is a common misconception that point spreads represent the oddsmakers’ prediction of how many points the favorite will win by.

Experts working for the individual books having a strong opinion on the game

The purpose of these adjustments, like all line adjustments, is to more equally divide the betting action. Of the 4-5 oddsmakers, generally the 2 most respected opinions are weighed more heavily by the Odds Director before he decides on the final line.

Since the oddsmaker’s ultimate goal is equally dividing the betting action, public perception and betting patterns must be taken into account. Power ratings are the oddsmaker’s value of each team and are used as a guide to calculate a “preliminary” pointspread on an upcoming game.

A round-table discussion among the 4-5 oddsmakers involved in making the line for each sport is then conducted and a consensus line is decided upon by the Odds Director before it is released to the sportsbooks. If we’ve done that, we’ve done our job.”

Moving the line is the oddsmaker’s effort to balance betting action, and often times such moves can have a major impact on a bettor’s decision